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The many historic outbuildings that surround the mansion at Mount Vernon helped serve many of the important trades that sustained the operation of the Mount Vernon estate.

Mount Vernon has always been more than just a Mansion; it is an eighteenth-century plantation that served as home, farm, and business for one of America’s most prominent citizens. The essential operations of the plantation were performed in numerous buildings standing throughout the estate.  Washington built these vital workspaces during the 1760s-1790s, in an ongoing pursuit of economic independence and financial success.

Mount Vernon is fortunate to have an extensive collection of well-preserved outbuildings, interpreted to show the range of plantation activities common during George Washington’s time.  Along the lanes north and south of the Mansion are arrayed structures that house activities necessary to life in the Mansion, such as cooking, laundry, and spinning. Further afield, agricultural and industrial buildings provide locations for such activities as threshing, grinding grain, and distilling it into whiskey. In addition to providing spaces for work, Mount Vernon's outbuildings also supplied housing for the enslaved community that was essential to the plantation's success.