Washington's mind was rarely far from the lush gardens and majestic views at Mount Vernon. Today, you can explore the four gardens Washington developed and enjoy his unspoiled view across the Potomac River.
In Mount Vernon's historic area, explore more than a dozen historic outbuildings.
During your visit to Mount Vernon, view the outbuildings surrounding the Mansion.Plan Your Visit
Spinning HouseEnslaved and itinerant weavers worked in the Spinning House to produce basic textiles for use at Mount Vernon.
Blacksmith ShopThis building was essential to the running of the plantation and vital to Washington’s business endeavors.
GreenhouseOne of the largest buildings on the estate, it was designed to protect plants from the cold and house enslaved workers.
Slave QuartersThese living quarters, which flank the greenhouse, were home for some enslaved people who worked at Mansion House Farm.
SmokehouseVast quantities of pork were smoked in this structure to feed the Washington family and their guests.
Salt HouseThis structure provided secure storage for the large quantities of salt that George Washington imported.
NecessaryIn the 18th century, there were probably four necessaries, or outhouses, spread out around the Mansion House grounds.
Wash HouseLaundry for the Washington family, their guests, and single white male workers were washed here.
Stable and Coach HouseEnslaved men fed and groomed the animals, cleaned harnesses and saddles, and collected manure for use as fertilizer.
Ice HouseThis structure was like a dry well and used to keep ice frozen for months.
Garden HouseLocated in the upper and lower gardens, these structures were used to store tools and seeds.
Overseer's QuartersEach of Washington’s farms had its own overseer, who supervised work and submitted weekly reports.
Dung RepositoryThis structure was designed to compost animal droppings and other organic waste for use as fertilizer.
StorehouseUsed as storage under lock and key for hundreds of items, such as tools, leather, thread, powder, shot, and blankets.
Gardener's HouseThis building first served briefly as a hospital for enslaved workers, then for wool-spinning, and finally a dwelling.
KitchenThe Kitchen was used to prepare all meals served to George and Martha Washington and their many guests.
Servants' HallFor the majority of year, the Servants' Hall was reserved exclusively for the use of the visitors' servants.
Explore the buildings south of the Mansion