See how archaeological studies at Mount Vernon have shaped our knowledge of Washington's world.

George Washington’s Mount Vernon established a professional archaeology program in 1987 to enhance the authenticity of the interpretation and restoration of the historic site and to preserve and manage all of their archaeological resources.

Mount Vernon’s archaeological holdings are an extremely valuable resource for the study of 18th century plantation life in the Chesapeake region of the United States. Major excavations include the house for families slave quarter, Washington’s Distillery, the south grove midden, and the upper garden. An archaeological survey identified more than 100 archaeological sites documenting almost 4,000 years of habitation on the estate’s 425 acres. 

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