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Archaeology
Learn more about the important role that archaeology plays at Mount Vernon. See how archaeological evidence has shaped our knowledge of Washington's world.

George Washington’s Mount Vernon established a professional archaeology program in 1987 to enhance the authenticity of the interpretation and restoration of the historic site and to preserve and manage all of their archaeological resources.  Mount Vernon’s archaeological holdings are an extremely valuable resource for the study of eighteenth-century plantation life in the Chesapeake region of the United States.  Major excavations include the House for Families slave quarter, Washington’s Distillery, the South Grove Midden, and the Upper Garden as well as an archaeological survey which identified more than 100 archaeological sites documenting almost 4,000 years of habitation on the estate’s 425 acres.  Archaeological research has made major contributions in understanding the evolution of an English colonial plantation, the lives of the enslaved community, plantation economics, and material culture studies.