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These gorgeous native plants bloom in a variety of colors and sizes, including pale yellow, oranges, and golds. Some are grown merely for their beauty while others, such as the Mammoth sunflower, are grown for their seeds.

Latin Name

Helianthus annuus



Type of Plant

Annuals Annuals

Bloom Season

July - August


Summer Summer


Max height Max Height: 10'
Max spread Max Spread: 3'


  • Annual
  • Edible

  • Sunlight Exposure

    Full Sun Full Sun


  • Deer
  • Drought
  • Dry Soil

  • Attracted Wildlife

    Birds Birds
    Butterflies Butterflies


    Native Range

    United States and Central America


    They were discovered by the Spanish in the 1500s and were growing in colonial gardens by the 1600s.

    Other Details

    Pollinator Pollinator
    Sold at Mount Vernon Sold at Mount Vernon

    Planted at Mount Vernon

    Planted at Mount Vernon Upper Garden Pioneer Farm Fruit Garden & Nursery

  • Upper Garden
  • Pioneer Farm
  • Fruit Garden & Nursery

  • Hardiness Zones

    USDA basemap

    Average annual extreme minimum temperature 1976-2005

    map legend

    Bartlett Tree Expert Company has been working with Mount Vernon Estate since 2011 providing expert arboricultural care and GPS mapping for the estate’s historic trees, as well as support from their research facility.   Mount Vernon is proud to partner with Bartlett Tree Experts and appreciates their sponsorship of George Washington’s Mount Vernon Plant Finder App.

    Bring Washington's Garden Home

    Purchase our historic seeds, collected from plants grown at Mount Vernon and plant them in your own garden.

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