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Mangelwurzels are incredibly large beets, sometimes over a foot long. They have typical red and green foliage, but their roots can weigh as much as 10 lbs.

Latin Name

Beta vulgaris ssp. vulgaris



Also Known As

Mangold Fodder beet Mangel beet

Type of Plant

Annuals Annuals
Crops Crops


Summer Summer


Max height Max Height: 2'
Max spread Max Spread: 1'

Sunlight Exposure

Full Sun Full Sun


Native Range



In April of 1788, Washington planted Root of Scarcity (mangelwurzels) in his vineyard enclosure.

Planted at Mount Vernon

Planted at Mount Vernon Botanical Garden Fruit Garden & Nursery

  • Botanical Garden
  • Fruit Garden & Nursery

  • Hardiness Zones

    USDA basemap

    Average annual extreme minimum temperature 1976-2005

    map legend

    Bartlett Tree Expert Company has been working with Mount Vernon Estate since 2011 providing expert arboricultural care and GPS mapping for the estate’s historic trees, as well as support from their research facility.   Mount Vernon is proud to partner with Bartlett Tree Experts and appreciates their sponsorship of George Washington’s Mount Vernon Plant Finder App.

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    Purchase our historic seeds, collected from plants grown at Mount Vernon and plant them in your own garden.

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