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White oaks are well known for their distinctive silhouette. They are massive trees which provide excellent shade as well as habitat for birds and other wildlife. Their acorns are especially attractive to deer and squirrels.

Latin Name

Quercus alba



Type of Plant

Trees Trees


Summer Summer


Max height Max Height: 80'
Max spread Max Spread: 80'


  • Shade Tree
  • Street Tree
  • Naturalize

  • Sunlight Exposure

    Full Sun Full Sun


  • Drought
  • Clay Soil
  • Dry Soil
  • Shallow-Rocky Soil
  • Black Walnut

  • Toxicity

    Do not ingest Do not ingest


    Native Range

    Eastern United States


    During Washington's day, white oak was a valuable lumber used for barrels, posts, and other building materials.

    Planted at Mount Vernon

    Planted at Mount Vernon Botanical Garden

  • Botanical Garden

  • Hardiness Zones

    3a 3b 4a 4b 5a 5b 6a 6b 7a 7b 8a 8b 9a 9b USDA basemap

    Average annual extreme minimum temperature 1976-2005

    map legend 3a 3b 4a 4b 5a 5b 6a 6b 7a 7b 8a 8b 9a 9b

    Bartlett Tree Expert Company has been working with Mount Vernon Estate since 2011 providing expert arboricultural care and GPS mapping for the estate’s historic trees, as well as support from their research facility.   Mount Vernon is proud to partner with Bartlett Tree Experts and appreciates their sponsorship of George Washington’s Mount Vernon Plant Finder App.

    Bring Washington's Garden Home

    Purchase our historic seeds, collected from plants grown at Mount Vernon and plant them in your own garden.

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