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Wallflowers are a charming spring bloomer of exceptional hardiness. With yellow and red flowers, this cheerful annual adds vibrancy to the front and middle of the flower border.

Latin Name

Erysimum cheiri



Type of Plant

Annuals Annuals

Bloom Season

April - June


Spring Spring
Winter Winter


Max height Max Height: 2'
Max spread Max Spread: 1.5'


  • Annual
  • Flower Border

  • Sunlight Exposure

    Full Sun Full Sun


  • Dry Soil
  • Drought
  • Shallow-Rocky Soil

  • Colors

    Native Range

    Southern Europe


    They have been grown in English gardens since the late 1500s and were popular in colonial gardens by the beginning of the 18th century.

    Planted at Mount Vernon

    Planted at Mount Vernon Upper Garden

  • Upper Garden

  • Hardiness Zones

    7a 7b 8a 8b 9a 9b USDA basemap

    Average annual extreme minimum temperature 1976-2005

    map legend 7a 7b 8a 8b 9a 9b

    Bartlett Tree Expert Company has been working with Mount Vernon Estate since 2011 providing expert arboricultural care and GPS mapping for the estate’s historic trees, as well as support from their research facility.   Mount Vernon is proud to partner with Bartlett Tree Experts and appreciates their sponsorship of George Washington’s Mount Vernon Plant Finder App.

    Bring Washington's Garden Home

    Purchase our historic seeds, collected from plants grown at Mount Vernon and plant them in your own garden.

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