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This umbelliferous perennial is attractive to bees and other pollinators. It is mildly fragrant. Valerian is an excellent addition to the back of the garden and it reseeds readily.

Latin Name

Valeriana officinalis



Also Known As

Garden Heliotrope

Type of Plant

Herbs Herbs
Perennials Perennials

Bloom Season

June - July


Summer Summer


Max height Max Height: 5'
Max spread Max Spread: 4'


  • Flower Border
  • Herb

  • Sunlight Exposure

    Full Sun Full Sun
    Part Shade Part Shade


  • Wet Soil

  • Toxicity

    Do not ingest Do not ingest


    Native Range

    Europe, Western Asia


    The earliest recorded use of valerian was by Hippocrates in the 4th century BC.

    Other Details

    Pollinator Pollinator

    Planted at Mount Vernon

    Planted at Mount Vernon Upper Garden

  • Upper Garden

  • Hardiness Zones

    4a 4b 5a 5b 6a 6b 7a 7b USDA basemap

    Average annual extreme minimum temperature 1976-2005

    map legend 4a 4b 5a 5b 6a 6b 7a 7b

    Bartlett Tree Expert Company has been working with Mount Vernon Estate since 2011 providing expert arboricultural care and GPS mapping for the estate’s historic trees, as well as support from their research facility.   Mount Vernon is proud to partner with Bartlett Tree Experts and appreciates their sponsorship of George Washington’s Mount Vernon Plant Finder App.

    Bring Washington's Garden Home

    Purchase our historic seeds, collected from plants grown at Mount Vernon and plant them in your own garden.

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