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Swiss chard is a leafy green that can be harvested continually to be used in salads or cooked. Its leaves may be plain green or have red midribs.

Latin Name

Beta vulgaris var. cicla



Also Known As

Silver Beet Perpetual Spinach Leaf Beet

Type of Plant

Annuals Annuals
Vegetables Vegetables


Fall Fall
Spring Spring
Summer Summer


Max height Max Height: 2'
Max spread Max Spread: 2'


  • Vegetable
  • Ornamental
  • Edible

  • Sunlight Exposure

    Full Sun Full Sun
    Part Shade Part Shade


    Native Range



    An entry in Thomas Jefferson's diary for April 30, 1774 mentions sowing “white beet,” another named for leaf-beet or Swiss Chard.

    Planted at Mount Vernon

    Planted at Mount Vernon Upper Garden Lower Garden Pioneer Farm

  • Upper Garden
  • Lower Garden
  • Pioneer Farm

  • Hardiness Zones

    USDA basemap

    Average annual extreme minimum temperature 1976-2005

    map legend

    Bartlett Tree Expert Company has been working with Mount Vernon Estate since 2011 providing expert arboricultural care and GPS mapping for the estate’s historic trees, as well as support from their research facility.   Mount Vernon is proud to partner with Bartlett Tree Experts and appreciates their sponsorship of George Washington’s Mount Vernon Plant Finder App.

    Bring Washington's Garden Home

    Purchase our historic seeds, collected from plants grown at Mount Vernon and plant them in your own garden.

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