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Radishes are a root vegetable that add a pleasant bite (if you like that kind of thing) to salads. They come in a variety of colors including black, purple, red, and white. They are useful as a winter cover or forage crop. Radishes are incredibly easy to grow, with high germination rates and a fast time to harvest.

Latin Name

Raphanus sativus



Type of Plant

Vegetables Vegetables
Annuals Annuals


Fall Fall
Spring Spring
Winter Winter
Summer Summer


Max height Max Height: 3'
Max spread Max Spread: 2'


  • Edible
  • Vegetable

  • Colors

    Native Range

    Southeast Asia


    According to Washington's gardener's report, radishes were grown in the upper and lower gardens in 1798 (that's right, folks- 11 years before Jefferson!).

    Other Details

    Grown by Washington Grown by Washington

    Planted at Mount Vernon

    Planted at Mount Vernon Lower Garden Pioneer Farm

  • Lower Garden
  • Pioneer Farm

  • Hardiness Zones

    2a 2b 3a 3b 4a 4b 5a 5b 6a 6b 7a 7b 8a 8b 9a 9b 10a 10b USDA basemap

    Average annual extreme minimum temperature 1976-2005

    map legend 2a 2b 3a 3b 4a 4b 5a 5b 6a 6b 7a 7b 8a 8b 9a 9b 10a 10b

    Bartlett Tree Expert Company has been working with Mount Vernon Estate since 2011 providing expert arboricultural care and GPS mapping for the estate’s historic trees, as well as support from their research facility.   Mount Vernon is proud to partner with Bartlett Tree Experts and appreciates their sponsorship of George Washington’s Mount Vernon Plant Finder App.

    Bring Washington's Garden Home

    Purchase our historic seeds, collected from plants grown at Mount Vernon and plant them in your own garden.

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