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This tall spring bulb is crowned by a spike of maroon flowers above gray-green foliage and makes a striking addition to the spring garden. The bulb itself is strongly odoriferous which prevents the depredations of rodents.

Latin Name

Fritillaria persica



Also Known As

Persian Lily

Type of Plant

Bulbs Bulbs

Bloom Season

May - June


Spring Spring


Max height Max Height: 3'
Max spread Max Spread: 1.5'


  • Flower Border

  • Sunlight Exposure

    Full Sun Full Sun
    Part Sun Part Sun


  • Black Walnut
  • Deer

  • Toxicity

    Do not ingest Do not ingest


    Native Range

    Middle East


    Introduced to English gardens in the 16th century, Persian lilies emigrated to the colonies by the end of the 18th century.

    Planted at Mount Vernon

    Planted at Mount Vernon Upper Garden

  • Upper Garden

  • Hardiness Zones

    5a 5b 6a 6b 7a 7b 8a 8b USDA basemap

    Average annual extreme minimum temperature 1976-2005

    map legend 5a 5b 6a 6b 7a 7b 8a 8b

    Bartlett Tree Expert Company has been working with Mount Vernon Estate since 2011 providing expert arboricultural care and GPS mapping for the estate’s historic trees, as well as support from their research facility.   Mount Vernon is proud to partner with Bartlett Tree Experts and appreciates their sponsorship of George Washington’s Mount Vernon Plant Finder App.

    Bring Washington's Garden Home

    Purchase our historic seeds, collected from plants grown at Mount Vernon and plant them in your own garden.

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