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Lettuce is a cool season leafy vegetable that is most frequently used in salads. Its leaves come in a variety of colors, from green to red to splotchy.

Latin Name

Lactuca sativa



Type of Plant

Annuals Annuals
Vegetables Vegetables


Spring Spring
Fall Fall


Max height Max Height: 1'
Max spread Max Spread: 1'


  • Vegetable
  • Edible

  • Sunlight Exposure

    Full Sun Full Sun
    Part Shade Part Shade


    Native Range

    Mediterranean to Siberia


    In April of 1786, Peter Crouwells and Co. of Philadelphia advertised in the Virginia Journal several different varieties of lettuce seed for sale.

    Other Details

    Grown by Washington Grown by Washington

    Planted at Mount Vernon

    Planted at Mount Vernon Upper Garden Lower Garden Pioneer Farm

  • Upper Garden
  • Lower Garden
  • Pioneer Farm

  • Hardiness Zones

    USDA basemap

    Average annual extreme minimum temperature 1976-2005

    map legend

    Bartlett Tree Expert Company has been working with Mount Vernon Estate since 2011 providing expert arboricultural care and GPS mapping for the estate’s historic trees, as well as support from their research facility.   Mount Vernon is proud to partner with Bartlett Tree Experts and appreciates their sponsorship of George Washington’s Mount Vernon Plant Finder App.

    Bring Washington's Garden Home

    Purchase our historic seeds, collected from plants grown at Mount Vernon and plant them in your own garden.

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