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Hemp is originally from central Asia, and has been cultivated throughout history as a source of fiber, seed, oil, and medicine.

Latin Name

Cannabis sativa



Type of Plant

Annuals Annuals
Crops Crops

Bloom Season

July - September


Summer Summer


Max height Max Height: 10'
Max spread Max Spread: 3'


  • Crop
  • Herb

  • Sunlight Exposure

    Full Sun Full Sun

    Attracted Wildlife

    Butterflies Butterflies


    Harmful to pets Harmful to pets


    Native Range

    Eastern Asia


    George Washington’s initial interest in hemp was as a cash crop, but he decided to grow it to meet the needs of his own plantation. Hemp was used at Mount Vernon for rope, thread for sewing sacks, canvas, and for repairing the seine nets used at the fisheries. Washington’s diaries and farm reports indicate that hemp grew at all five farms which made up Mount Vernon (Mansion House, River Farm, Dogue Run Farm, Muddy Hole Farm, and Union Farm).

    Other Details

    Pollinator Pollinator
    Grown by Washington Grown by Washington

    Planted at Mount Vernon

    Planted at Mount Vernon Pioneer Farm

  • Pioneer Farm

  • Hardiness Zones

    8b 9a 9b 10a 10b USDA basemap

    Average annual extreme minimum temperature 1976-2005

    map legend 8b 9a 9b 10a 10b

    Bartlett Tree Expert Company has been working with Mount Vernon Estate since 2011 providing expert arboricultural care and GPS mapping for the estate’s historic trees, as well as support from their research facility.   Mount Vernon is proud to partner with Bartlett Tree Experts and appreciates their sponsorship of George Washington’s Mount Vernon Plant Finder App.

    Bring Washington's Garden Home

    Purchase our historic seeds, collected from plants grown at Mount Vernon and plant them in your own garden.

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