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This large-flowered, cheerful plant is perfect for dry, difficult spots. It self-sows readily in variations of orange, yellow, and gold.

Latin Name

Rudbeckia hirta



Also Known As

Black-eyed Susan

Type of Plant

Annuals Annuals

Bloom Season

July - September


Summer Summer


Max height Max Height: 3'
Max spread Max Spread: 2'


  • Annual
  • Flower Border

  • Sunlight Exposure

    Full Sun Full Sun


  • Deer
  • Drought
  • Dry Soil

  • Attracted Wildlife

    Butterflies Butterflies
    Birds Birds


    Native Range

    Central United States


    In 1714, at the beginning of the naturalistic gardening craze, this American native was introduced to European gardens.

    Planted at Mount Vernon

    Planted at Mount Vernon Upper Garden

  • Upper Garden

  • Hardiness Zones

    3a 3b 4a 4b 5a 5b 6a 6b 7a 7b USDA basemap

    Average annual extreme minimum temperature 1976-2005

    map legend 3a 3b 4a 4b 5a 5b 6a 6b 7a 7b

    Bartlett Tree Expert Company has been working with Mount Vernon Estate since 2011 providing expert arboricultural care and GPS mapping for the estate’s historic trees, as well as support from their research facility.   Mount Vernon is proud to partner with Bartlett Tree Experts and appreciates their sponsorship of George Washington’s Mount Vernon Plant Finder App.

    Bring Washington's Garden Home

    Purchase our historic seeds, collected from plants grown at Mount Vernon and plant them in your own garden.

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