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French marigolds are iconic garden plants with distinctly fragrant leaves. The flowers are single, semi-double, double, or crested in shades of yellow, orange, or red, and can also be bi-colored. When planted in the vegetable garden, marigolds can repel certain pests, such as white flies on tomatoes.

Latin Name

Tagetes patula



Type of Plant

Annuals Annuals

Bloom Season

July - November


Summer Summer
Fall Fall


Max height Max Height: 1.5'
Max spread Max Spread: 1'


  • Annual
  • Flower Border

  • Sunlight Exposure

    Full Sun Full Sun
    Part Sun Part Sun


  • Clay Soil
  • Deer

  • Attracted Wildlife

    Butterflies Butterflies
    Hummingbirds Hummingbirds


    Native Range

    Mexico, Guatemala


    George French listed French marigold seeds in his 1799 advertisement in the Fredericksburg Virginia Herald

    Other Details

    Pollinator Pollinator
    Sold at Mount Vernon Sold at Mount Vernon

    Planted at Mount Vernon

    Planted at Mount Vernon Upper Garden

  • Upper Garden

  • Hardiness Zones

    2a 2b 3a 3b 4a 4b 5a 5b 6a 6b 7a 7b 8a 8b 9a 9b 10a 10b USDA basemap

    Average annual extreme minimum temperature 1976-2005

    map legend 2a 2b 3a 3b 4a 4b 5a 5b 6a 6b 7a 7b 8a 8b 9a 9b 10a 10b

    Bartlett Tree Expert Company has been working with Mount Vernon Estate since 2011 providing expert arboricultural care and GPS mapping for the estate’s historic trees, as well as support from their research facility.   Mount Vernon is proud to partner with Bartlett Tree Experts and appreciates their sponsorship of George Washington’s Mount Vernon Plant Finder App.

    Bring Washington's Garden Home

    Purchase our historic seeds, collected from plants grown at Mount Vernon and plant them in your own garden.

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