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Egyptian walking onions are a unique plant which produces the next generation in a crown of bulblets atop their stalks in lieu of flowers. As the bulblets grow, their weight pulls them to the ground, where they take root to grow new plants. While the young bulbs are mild and can be used as scallions, old bulbs are quite pungent.

Latin Name

Allium x proliferum



Also Known As

Tree onion Topsetting onion

Type of Plant

Perennials Perennials
Vegetables Vegetables


Spring Spring
Fall Fall
Summer Summer


Max height Max Height: 1.5'
Max spread Max Spread: 1'


  • Edible
  • Vegetable

  • Sunlight Exposure

    Full Sun Full Sun



    Bernard McMahon of Philadelphia listed walking onions in his 1802 seed catalog.

    Planted at Mount Vernon

    Planted at Mount Vernon Upper Garden

  • Upper Garden

  • Hardiness Zones

    3b 4a 4b 5a 5b 6a 6b 7a 7b 8a 8b 9a USDA basemap

    Average annual extreme minimum temperature 1976-2005

    map legend 3b 4a 4b 5a 5b 6a 6b 7a 7b 8a 8b 9a

    Bartlett Tree Expert Company has been working with Mount Vernon Estate since 2011 providing expert arboricultural care and GPS mapping for the estate’s historic trees, as well as support from their research facility.   Mount Vernon is proud to partner with Bartlett Tree Experts and appreciates their sponsorship of George Washington’s Mount Vernon Plant Finder App.

    Bring Washington's Garden Home

    Purchase our historic seeds, collected from plants grown at Mount Vernon and plant them in your own garden.

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