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This unique late-blooming bulb sports maroon flower-heads, for which it earns its common of drumstick allium.

Latin Name

Allium sphaerocephalon



Also Known As

Round-headed Leek Purple-headed Garlick

Type of Plant

Bulbs Bulbs

Bloom Season

June - July


Summer Summer


Max height Max Height: 3'
Max spread Max Spread: 1.5'


  • Flower Border

  • Sunlight Exposure

    Full Sun Full Sun


  • Black Walnut
  • Deer
  • Drought

  • Attracted Wildlife

    Butterflies Butterflies


    Native Range

    Europe, northern Africa, western Asia


    Purple-headed garlick has been in popular use since 1766 and was listed in the first bulb catalog in the United States.

    Other Details

    Pollinator Pollinator

    Planted at Mount Vernon

    Planted at Mount Vernon Upper Garden

  • Upper Garden

  • Hardiness Zones

    4a 4b 5a 5b 6a 6b 7a 7b 8a 8b USDA basemap

    Average annual extreme minimum temperature 1976-2005

    map legend 4a 4b 5a 5b 6a 6b 7a 7b 8a 8b

    Bartlett Tree Expert Company has been working with Mount Vernon Estate since 2011 providing expert arboricultural care and GPS mapping for the estate’s historic trees, as well as support from their research facility.   Mount Vernon is proud to partner with Bartlett Tree Experts and appreciates their sponsorship of George Washington’s Mount Vernon Plant Finder App.

    Bring Washington's Garden Home

    Purchase our historic seeds, collected from plants grown at Mount Vernon and plant them in your own garden.

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