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The highly fragrant damask rose offers a profusion of pink flowers in the spring. Flowers from this large and mostly upright shrub have been used for centuries in perfume making, as well as for rose oil, rose water, and for cooking.

Latin Name

Rosa x damascena



Also Known As

Rose of Castile

Type of Plant

Roses Roses

Bloom Season

May - June


Spring Spring


Max height Max Height: 6'
Max spread Max Spread: 6'

Sunlight Exposure

Full Sun Full Sun


Native Range



The Damask rose has a long and storied history, but its origin remains unclear. We know that it was documented in England by 1540, and in 1791 Thomas Jefferson was growing a variety of damask rose in his garden at Monticello.

Other Details

Pollinator Pollinator

Planted at Mount Vernon

Planted at Mount Vernon Upper Garden

  • Upper Garden

  • Hardiness Zones

    4a 4b 5a 5b 6a 6b 7a 7b 8a 8b 9a 9b 10a 10b USDA basemap

    Average annual extreme minimum temperature 1976-2005

    map legend 4a 4b 5a 5b 6a 6b 7a 7b 8a 8b 9a 9b 10a 10b

    Bartlett Tree Expert Company has been working with Mount Vernon Estate since 2011 providing expert arboricultural care and GPS mapping for the estate’s historic trees, as well as support from their research facility.   Mount Vernon is proud to partner with Bartlett Tree Experts and appreciates their sponsorship of George Washington’s Mount Vernon Plant Finder App.

    Bring Washington's Garden Home

    Purchase our historic seeds, collected from plants grown at Mount Vernon and plant them in your own garden.

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