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This cute perennial forms small masses of green foliage with bright yellow or red flowers in the early spring. It is particularly sweet when planted with bulbs or other spring ephemerals in the front of the border.

Latin Name

Primula veris



Also Known As

Primula English Cowslip Fairy Cups Tittypines

Type of Plant

Perennials Perennials

Bloom Season

April - May


Spring Spring


Max height Max Height: 0.75'
Max spread Max Spread: 1'


  • Flower Border

  • Sunlight Exposure

    Part Shade Part Shade
    Full Shade Full Shade


  • Deer
  • Rabbit
  • Wet Soil

  • Attracted Wildlife

    Butterflies Butterflies


    Harmful to pets Harmful to pets
    Skin irritant Skin irritant


    Native Range

    Temperate Europe and Asia


    Lady Jean Skipwith recorded English cowslips in her Prestwould, Virginia garden in 1793.

    Planted at Mount Vernon

    Planted at Mount Vernon Upper Garden

  • Upper Garden

  • Hardiness Zones

    2a 2b 3a 3b 4a 4b 5a 5b 6a 6b 7a 7b 8a 8b 9a 9b USDA basemap

    Average annual extreme minimum temperature 1976-2005

    map legend 2a 2b 3a 3b 4a 4b 5a 5b 6a 6b 7a 7b 8a 8b 9a 9b

    Bartlett Tree Expert Company has been working with Mount Vernon Estate since 2011 providing expert arboricultural care and GPS mapping for the estate’s historic trees, as well as support from their research facility.   Mount Vernon is proud to partner with Bartlett Tree Experts and appreciates their sponsorship of George Washington’s Mount Vernon Plant Finder App.

    Bring Washington's Garden Home

    Purchase our historic seeds, collected from plants grown at Mount Vernon and plant them in your own garden.

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