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Coffee forms a large shrub with glossy green leaves. It has small white flowers. This plant produces the coffee beans so many of us rely on every day, but in this part of the world is primarily used as an ornamental.

Latin Name

Coffea arabica



Type of Plant

Tropical Tropical
Shrubs Shrubs


Summer Summer


Max height Max Height: 15'
Max spread Max Spread: 15'


  • Ornamental

  • Sunlight Exposure

    Part Shade Part Shade


    Native Range

    Tropical Africa


    George Washington received coffee plants from Thomas Law, who was his grandson-in-law, in 1799.

    Other Details

    Grown by Washington Grown by Washington

    Planted at Mount Vernon

    Planted at Mount Vernon Upper Garden

  • Upper Garden

  • Hardiness Zones

    10a 10b USDA basemap

    Average annual extreme minimum temperature 1976-2005

    map legend 10a 10b

    Bartlett Tree Expert Company has been working with Mount Vernon Estate since 2011 providing expert arboricultural care and GPS mapping for the estate’s historic trees, as well as support from their research facility.   Mount Vernon is proud to partner with Bartlett Tree Experts and appreciates their sponsorship of George Washington’s Mount Vernon Plant Finder App.

    Bring Washington's Garden Home

    Purchase our historic seeds, collected from plants grown at Mount Vernon and plant them in your own garden.

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