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This unique plant looks more suited to a desert climate, but it is found wild up and down the east coast. Its strappy leaves are crowned by huge spikes of creamy white flowers every other year.

Latin Name

Yucca filamentosa



Also Known As

Common Yucca Spanish Bayonet Needle Palm

Type of Plant

Perennials Perennials

Bloom Season

June - July


Summer Summer


Max height Max Height: 8'
Max spread Max Spread: 3'


  • Flower Border
  • Naturalize

  • Sunlight Exposure

    Full Sun Full Sun


  • Air Pollution
  • Deer
  • Drought
  • Dry Soil
  • Erosion
  • Rabbit

  • Attracted Wildlife

    Butterflies Butterflies


    Native Range

    Southeastern United States


    This Virginia native was grown by a wide variety of historical figures including John Custis, Lady Jean Skipwith, and Thomas Jefferson.

    Other Details

    Pollinator Pollinator

    Planted at Mount Vernon

    Planted at Mount Vernon Upper Garden

  • Upper Garden

  • Hardiness Zones

    5a 5b 6a 6b 7a 7b 8a 8b 9a 9b 10a 10b USDA basemap

    Average annual extreme minimum temperature 1976-2005

    map legend 5a 5b 6a 6b 7a 7b 8a 8b 9a 9b 10a 10b

    Bartlett Tree Expert Company has been working with Mount Vernon Estate since 2011 providing expert arboricultural care and GPS mapping for the estate’s historic trees, as well as support from their research facility.   Mount Vernon is proud to partner with Bartlett Tree Experts and appreciates their sponsorship of George Washington’s Mount Vernon Plant Finder App.

    Bring Washington's Garden Home

    Purchase our historic seeds, collected from plants grown at Mount Vernon and plant them in your own garden.

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