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Alliances in the American Revolution

The Continental Army didn't fight the war alone: they received information, supplies, and men from allies across the globe. France offered its navy, Spain fought in the southern colonies, and different Native American groups assisted battalions, hoping their alliances would help preserve land and resources in the future. Scroll to learn more about these alliances, and how they changed the outcome of the war. 


The King of France sent Jean-Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau, along with 5,500 troops, to the North American colonies to aid the Continental Army.

Learn more about Rochambeau

The Oneida

The Onedia aided the Continental Army after initially declaring neutrality. They provided troops and spies throughout the Revolution and became an essential part of Continental operations.

Learn about the Oneida


Diego María de Gardoqui y Arriquíbar oversaw Spain's financial and material support of American colonies during the Revolutionary War. He supplied the Continental troops with gunpowder, weapons, and troops as the war continued in the colonies.

Learn more about Gardoqui

Continental Army Muster Rolls

These lists of soldiers help determine who fought in the war, often including indigenous and enslaved peoples who joined the Continental Army. 

Who Fought?

The Treaty of Aranjuez

Spain officially became an ally of the United States and France after signing this treaty in 1779. They helped the Continental troops primarily in the southern colonies with men, supplies, and information.

Read about the Treaty

The French at Yorktown

This map was created by a French mapmaker, showing how France contributed to the Battle of Yorktown. The problem? The mapmaker had never been to North America, and had never seen the battle.

What's with the map?