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Planted at Mount Vernon

Planted at Mount Vernon Upper Garden

  • Upper Garden

  • Hardiness Zones

    3 3 4 4b 5 5b 6 6b 7 7b 8 8b 9 9b USDA basemap

    Average annual extreme minimum temperature 1976-2005

    map legend 3 3b 4a 4b 5a 5b 6a 6b 7a 7b 8a 8b 9a 9b

    This delightful little flower is a harbinger of spring in many gardens, but also adds charm to a fall or winter garden depending on your region. The flowers are edible and can be used to wonderful effect on cakes and in salads.

    Latin Name

    Viola tricolor



    Also Known As

    Heart's Ease , Love-in-idleness

    Type of Plant

    Annuals Annuals

    Bloom Season

    April - May


    Spring Spring
    Fall Fall


    Max height Max Height: 0.5'
    Max spread Max Spread: 0.5'


  • Annual
  • Flower Border
  • Edible

  • Sunlight Exposure

    Full Shade Full Shade
    Full Sun Full Sun
    Part Shade Part Shade
    Part Sun Part Sun


    Native Range



    The first known documented citation of this plant is by John Lawson in History of Carolina in 1718.

    Bartlett Tree Expert Company has been working with Mount Vernon Estate since 2011 providing expert arboricultural care and GPS mapping for the estate’s historic trees, as well as support from their research facility.   Mount Vernon is proud to partner with Bartlett Tree Experts and appreciates their sponsorship of George Washington’s Mount Vernon Plant Finder App.

    Bring Washington's Garden Home

    Purchase our historic seeds, collected from plants grown at Mount Vernon and plant them in your own garden.

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