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This small, spreading native tree offers a profusion of purplish-pink flowers lining the dark branches in April, followed by large heart-shaped leaves. The redbud evolved in the understory and wood edges of forests, where it is sheltered from intense sunlight, and is prettiest planted among dogwoods and other small spring- flowering shrubs.

Latin Name

Cercis canadensis



Also Known As

Spicewood Tree

Type of Plant

Trees Trees

Bloom Season



Spring Spring


Max height Max Height: 30'
Max spread Max Spread: 35'


  • Street Tree
  • Flowering Tree
  • Naturalize

  • Sunlight Exposure

    Full Sun Full Sun
    Part Shade Part Shade


  • Black Walnut
  • Deer
  • Clay Soil

  • Attracted Wildlife

    Butterflies Butterflies


    Native Range

    Eastern North America


    Washington writes that he "Road to my Mill Swamp, where my Dogue run hands were at work & to other places in search of the sort of Trees I shall want for my walks, groves, & Wildernesses" . This included "a great abundance of the red-bud of all sizes" that he found along the river near his old brick kiln.

    Other Details

    Pollinator Pollinator
    Grown by Washington Grown by Washington

    Planted at Mount Vernon

    Planted at Mount Vernon Fruit Garden & Nursery Bowling Green

  • Fruit Garden & Nursery
  • Bowling Green

  • Hardiness Zones

    4a 4b 5a 5b 6a 6b 7a 7b 8a 8b USDA basemap

    Average annual extreme minimum temperature 1976-2005

    map legend 4a 4b 5a 5b 6a 6b 7a 7b 8a 8b

    Bartlett Tree Expert Company has been working with Mount Vernon Estate since 2011 providing expert arboricultural care and GPS mapping for the estate’s historic trees, as well as support from their research facility.   Mount Vernon is proud to partner with Bartlett Tree Experts and appreciates their sponsorship of George Washington’s Mount Vernon Plant Finder App.

    Bring Washington's Garden Home

    Purchase our historic seeds, collected from plants grown at Mount Vernon and plant them in your own garden.

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