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A sprawling annual herb, nasturtiums have long been a charming kitchen garden plant. Their flowers, leaves, and seeds are all edible, and add a peppery bite to salads.

Latin Name

Tropaeolum majus



Also Known As

Indian Cress Monks Cress

Type of Plant

Annuals Annuals
Herbs Herbs

Bloom Season

May - June


Fall Fall
Spring Spring


Max height Max Height: 2'
Max spread Max Spread: 3'


  • Annual
  • Edible
  • Flower Border
  • Herb

  • Sunlight Exposure

    Full Sun Full Sun
    Part Shade Part Shade


  • Drought

  • Attracted Wildlife

    Butterflies Butterflies


    Native Range

    South and Central America


    The Spanish brought nasturtiums to Europe from South America and they have been cultivated as a garden plant ever since. Minton Collins of Virginia offered nasturtium seeds for sale in the Virginia Gazette in 1793.

    Other Details

    Pollinator Pollinator

    Planted at Mount Vernon

    Planted at Mount Vernon Upper Garden Lower Garden

  • Upper Garden
  • Lower Garden

  • Hardiness Zones

    USDA basemap

    Average annual extreme minimum temperature 1976-2005

    map legend

    Bartlett Tree Expert Company has been working with Mount Vernon Estate since 2011 providing expert arboricultural care and GPS mapping for the estate’s historic trees, as well as support from their research facility.   Mount Vernon is proud to partner with Bartlett Tree Experts and appreciates their sponsorship of George Washington’s Mount Vernon Plant Finder App.

    Bring Washington's Garden Home

    Purchase our historic seeds, collected from plants grown at Mount Vernon and plant them in your own garden.

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