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This blue-flowered perennial is common as a roadside weed, but has a long history of being used as an edible or fodder.

Latin Name

Cichorium intybus



Also Known As

Wild Endive Succory Coffeeweed

Type of Plant

Perennials Perennials
Crops Crops

Bloom Season

May - October


Summer Summer
Spring Spring
Fall Fall


Max height Max Height: 4'
Max spread Max Spread: 2'


  • Edible
  • Crop

  • Sunlight Exposure

    Full Sun Full Sun


    Native Range

    Europe, northern Africa, western Asia


    Washington was experimenting with chicory as a field crop.

    Other Details

    Grown by Washington Grown by Washington

    Planted at Mount Vernon

    Planted at Mount Vernon Botanical Garden

  • Botanical Garden

  • Hardiness Zones

    3a 3b 4a 4b 5a 5b 6a 6b 7a 7b 8a 8b USDA basemap

    Average annual extreme minimum temperature 1976-2005

    map legend 3a 3b 4a 4b 5a 5b 6a 6b 7a 7b 8a 8b

    Bartlett Tree Expert Company has been working with Mount Vernon Estate since 2011 providing expert arboricultural care and GPS mapping for the estate’s historic trees, as well as support from their research facility.   Mount Vernon is proud to partner with Bartlett Tree Experts and appreciates their sponsorship of George Washington’s Mount Vernon Plant Finder App.

    Bring Washington's Garden Home

    Purchase our historic seeds, collected from plants grown at Mount Vernon and plant them in your own garden.

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