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A cottage garden favorite, black-eyed susan features masses of ferociously yellow flowers that attract butterflies. They are incredibly hardy and tolerate a wide variety of conditions, making them ideal for naturalizing.

Latin Name

Rudbeckia fulgida



Also Known As

Perennial coneflower Orange coneflower

Type of Plant

Perennials Perennials

Bloom Season

June - October


Summer Summer
Fall Fall


Max height Max Height: 3'
Max spread Max Spread: 3'


  • Flower Border
  • Naturalize

  • Sunlight Exposure

    Full Sun Full Sun


  • Air Pollution
  • Deer
  • Drought
  • Clay Soil
  • Dry Soil
  • Shallow-Rocky Soil

  • Attracted Wildlife

    Birds Birds
    Butterflies Butterflies


    Native Range

    Eastern North America


    John Bartram of Philadelphia was selling orange coneflower in his 1770 catalog.

    Other Details

    Pollinator Pollinator
    Sold at Mount Vernon Sold at Mount Vernon

    Planted at Mount Vernon

    Planted at Mount Vernon Upper Garden

  • Upper Garden

  • Hardiness Zones

    3a 3b 4a 4b 5a 5b 6a 6b 7a 7b 8a 8b 9a 9b USDA basemap

    Average annual extreme minimum temperature 1976-2005

    map legend 3a 3b 4a 4b 5a 5b 6a 6b 7a 7b 8a 8b 9a 9b

    Bartlett Tree Expert Company has been working with Mount Vernon Estate since 2011 providing expert arboricultural care and GPS mapping for the estate’s historic trees, as well as support from their research facility.   Mount Vernon is proud to partner with Bartlett Tree Experts and appreciates their sponsorship of George Washington’s Mount Vernon Plant Finder App.

    Bring Washington's Garden Home

    Purchase our historic seeds, collected from plants grown at Mount Vernon and plant them in your own garden.

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