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  • This runaway slave advertisement was published by George Washington. Learn more about Washington’s views on slavery by pairing this advertisement with the lesson plan “George Washington's Views on Slavery” that asks students to examine document-based evidence.
  • Advertisements for enslaved people who ran away were common in eighteenth-century newspapers. Why is this document important for historians today? Ask students what information they can pull from this document and use to understand history at this time and place. From the information given, what can they learn about the four men who escaped? Does this document tell the entire story?
  • To learn more about the life of enslaved people at Mount Vernon, use the Maryland Gazette advertisement in conjunction with the lesson plan “Curating the Slave Quarters." Students will analyze and use evidence from diverse sources to act as curators and create an interpretation plan for the Greenhouse Slave Quarters at Mount Vernon. 

Classroom Materials downloads are ZIP files that include, when available: document images (JPEGs), document transcripts (PDF as well as Word and/or Excel files), and ready to use classroom resources (activities, discussion prompts, lesson plans, etc.). These materials are available for educational uses only. If you would like to reproduce them in any other medium, please contact Dawn Bonner, Manager of Visual Resources.


Peros, Neptune, Cupid and Jack were four slaves that ran away from Dogue Run on August 9, 1761. This ad provides an account of their mannerisms, dialect, and clothing – details that often elude documentation.