View Larger Valerian

Planted at Mount Vernon

Planted at Mount Vernon Upper Garden

  • Upper Garden

  • Hardiness Zones

    4 4 5 5b 6 6b 7 7b USDA basemap

    Average annual extreme minimum temperature 1976-2005

    map legend 4 4b 5a 5b 6a 6b 7a 7b

    This umbelliferous perennial is attractive to bees and other pollinators. It is mildly fragrant. Valerian is an excellent addition to the back of the garden and it reseeds readily.

    Latin Name

    Valeriana officinalis



    Also Known As

    Garden Heliotrope

    Type of Plant

    Herbs Herbs
    Perennials Perennials

    Bloom Season

    June - July


    Summer Summer


    Max height Max Height: 5'
    Max spread Max Spread: 4'


  • Flower Border
  • Herb

  • Sunlight Exposure

    Full Sun Full Sun
    Part Shade Part Shade


  • Wet Soil

  • Toxicity

    Do not ingest Do not ingest


    Native Range

    Europe, Western Asia


    The earliest recorded use of valerian was by Hippocrates in the 4th century BC.

    Other Details

    Pollinator Pollinator

    Bartlett Tree Expert Company has been working with Mount Vernon Estate since 2011 providing expert arboricultural care and GPS mapping for the estate’s historic trees, as well as support from their research facility.   Mount Vernon is proud to partner with Bartlett Tree Experts and appreciates their sponsorship of George Washington’s Mount Vernon Plant Finder App.

    Bring Washington's Garden Home

    Purchase our historic seeds, collected from plants grown at Mount Vernon and plant them in your own garden.

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