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Planted at Mount Vernon


  • Upper Garden

  • Hardiness Zones

    Average annual extreme minimum temperature 1976-2005


    Winterberry is a relatively insignificant woodland plant until its brilliant red berries light up the winter landscape. It is a native shrub of eastern wetlands and provides excellent habitat for songbirds.

    Latin Name

    Ilex verticillata


    Family

    Aquifoleaceae


    Also Known As

    Swamp Holly , Brook Alder


    Type of Plant

    Shrubs

    Seasons

    Fall
    Winter

    Specifications

    Max Height: 12'
    Max Spread: 12'

    Uses

  • Hedge
  • Rain Garden

  • Sunlight Exposure

    Full Sun
    Part Shade

    Tolerances

  • Air Pollution
  • Clay Soil
  • Erosion
  • Wet Soil

  • Attracted Wildlife

    Birds

    Toxicity

    Do not ingest

    Colors


    Native Range

    Eastern North America


    History

    In a January 1785 diary entry, Washington remarked, "I discovered in tracing it upwards many small & thriving plants of the Magnolio and about & within the Fence, not far distant, some young Maple Trees; & the red berry of the Swamp."


    Other Details

    Grown by Washington

    Bartlett Tree Expert Company has been working with Mount Vernon Estate since 2011 providing expert arboricultural care and GPS mapping for the estate’s historic trees, as well as support from their research facility.   Mount Vernon is proud to partner with Bartlett Tree Experts and appreciates their sponsorship of George Washington’s Mount Vernon Plant Finder App.

    Bring Washington's Garden Home

    Purchase our historic seeds, collected from plants grown at Mount Vernon and plant them in your own garden.

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