View Larger Willing's Barbados Bird Pepper

Planted at Mount Vernon

Planted at Mount Vernon Lower Garden Pioneer Farm

  • Lower Garden
  • Pioneer Farm

  • Hardiness Zones

    USDA basemap

    Average annual extreme minimum temperature 1976-2005

    map legend

    Bird peppers are large plants, easily growing to 6 feet over the course of a season. They thrive in the heat of the year and produce masses of tiny red peppers with a lot of heat and excellent flavor.


    Seeds available to purchase from Mount Vernon

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    Latin Name

    Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum



    Type of Plant

    Annuals Annuals
    Vegetables Vegetables


    Summer Summer
    Fall Fall


    Max height Max Height: 5'
    Max spread Max Spread: 3'


  • Annual
  • Edible
  • Vegetable

  • Sunlight Exposure

    Full Sun Full Sun


  • Drought

  • Colors

    Native Range

    Central America


    George Washington planted bird peppers in June of 1785.

    Other Details

    Grown by Washington Grown by Washington
    Sold at Mount Vernon Sold at Mount Vernon

    Bartlett Tree Expert Company has been working with Mount Vernon Estate since 2011 providing expert arboricultural care and GPS mapping for the estate’s historic trees, as well as support from their research facility.   Mount Vernon is proud to partner with Bartlett Tree Experts and appreciates their sponsorship of George Washington’s Mount Vernon Plant Finder App.

    Bring Washington's Garden Home

    Purchase our historic seeds, collected from plants grown at Mount Vernon and plant them in your own garden.

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