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Planted at Mount Vernon


  • Upper Garden

  • Hardiness Zones

    Average annual extreme minimum temperature 1976-2005


    Named for the time of day the bloom opens, four o'clocks will attract hummingbirds and nocturnal pollinators to your garden. This bushy plant reseeds readily, producing hundreds of large black seeds that resemble hand grenades.

    Purchase

    Seeds available to purchase from Mount Vernon

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    Latin Name

    Mirabilis jalapa


    Family

    Nyctaginaceae


    Also Known As

    Marvel of Peru


    Type of Plant

    Annuals

    Bloom Season

    June - October


    Seasons

    Summer
    Fall

    Specifications

    Max Height: 3'
    Max Spread: 3'

    Uses

  • Annual
  • Flower Border
  • Rain Garden

  • Sunlight Exposure

    Full Sun
    Part Shade

    Tolerances

  • Deer
  • Rabbit
  • Wet Soil

  • Attracted Wildlife

    Hummingbird

    Toxicity

    Do not ingest
    Skin irritant

    Colors


    Native Range

    Tropical America


    History

    At Monticello, Thomas Jefferson observed in 1767, "Mirabilis just opened, very clever."


    Other Details

    Pollinator
    Sold at Mount Vernon

    Bartlett Tree Expert Company has been working with Mount Vernon Estate since 2011 providing expert arboricultural care and GPS mapping for the estate’s historic trees, as well as support from their research facility.   Mount Vernon is proud to partner with Bartlett Tree Experts and appreciates their sponsorship of George Washington’s Mount Vernon Plant Finder App.

    Bring Washington's Garden Home

    Purchase our historic seeds, collected from plants grown at Mount Vernon and plant them in your own garden.

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