Admission is free on Feb. 22 for George Washington’s birthday. Admission tickets will be distributed on-site upon arrival.

View Larger Endive

Planted at Mount Vernon

Planted at Mount Vernon Lower Garden

  • Lower Garden

  • Hardiness Zones

    USDA basemap

    Average annual extreme minimum temperature 1976-2005

    map legend

    Endive has broad, bright green leaves and looks somewhat like a rougher-textured lettuce. It has a sharp, bitter flavor.

    Latin Name

    Cichorium endivia



    Also Known As


    Type of Plant

    Annuals Annuals
    Vegetables Vegetables


    Fall Fall
    Spring Spring


    Max height Max Height: 0.75'
    Max spread Max Spread: 0.75'


  • Annual
  • Edible
  • Vegetable

  • Colors

    Native Range



    Thomas Jefferson was growing endive in his garden in 1777.

    Bartlett Tree Expert Company has been working with Mount Vernon Estate since 2011 providing expert arboricultural care and GPS mapping for the estate’s historic trees, as well as support from their research facility.   Mount Vernon is proud to partner with Bartlett Tree Experts and appreciates their sponsorship of George Washington’s Mount Vernon Plant Finder App.

    Bring Washington's Garden Home

    Purchase our historic seeds, collected from plants grown at Mount Vernon and plant them in your own garden.

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