View Larger Cotton

Planted at Mount Vernon

Planted at Mount Vernon Pioneer Farm

  • Pioneer Farm

  • Hardiness Zones

    USDA basemap

    Average annual extreme minimum temperature 1976-2005

    map legend

    This crop is grown for the fibers it produces, although ornamental varieties do exist.

    Latin Name

    Gossypium hirsutum



    Also Known As

    Upland Cotton

    Type of Plant

    Crops Crops

    Bloom Season

    July - October


    Summer Summer
    Fall Fall


    Max height Max Height: 8'
    Max spread Max Spread: 4'


  • Crop

  • Colors

    Native Range

    West Indies, Northern South America, Central America, Mexico


    George Washington wrote to John Jay in March of 1794, "I thank you for the Nankeen Cotton-seed with which you had the goodness to furnish me. It shall be sent to Mount Vernon with orders to my Gardener to be particularly attentive thereto, but with little hope, I confess, of success; that climate & country being too high & cold for this plant."

    Bartlett Tree Expert Company has been working with Mount Vernon Estate since 2011 providing expert arboricultural care and GPS mapping for the estate’s historic trees, as well as support from their research facility.   Mount Vernon is proud to partner with Bartlett Tree Experts and appreciates their sponsorship of George Washington’s Mount Vernon Plant Finder App.

    Bring Washington's Garden Home

    Purchase our historic seeds, collected from plants grown at Mount Vernon and plant them in your own garden.

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