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Planted at Mount Vernon


  • Botanical Garden
  • Lower Garden

  • Hardiness Zones

    Average annual extreme minimum temperature 1976-2005


    Cayenne peppers are large prolific plants. They produce bountiful crops of slender, spicy red peppers that can be used fresh or dried.

    Purchase

    Seeds available to purchase from Mount Vernon

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    Latin Name

    Capsicum annuum


    Family

    Solanaceae


    Type of Plant

    Annuals
    Vegetables

    Seasons

    Summer

    Specifications

    Max Height: 4'
    Max Spread: 2'

    Uses

  • Annual
  • Edible
  • Vegetable

  • Sunlight Exposure

    Full Sun

    Tolerances

  • Drought

  • Colors


    Native Range

    Tropical North and South America


    History

    Washington planted cayenne peppers in his botanical garden in 1785.


    Other Details

    Grown by Washington
    Sold at Mount Vernon

    Bartlett Tree Expert Company has been working with Mount Vernon Estate since 2011 providing expert arboricultural care and GPS mapping for the estate’s historic trees, as well as support from their research facility.   Mount Vernon is proud to partner with Bartlett Tree Experts and appreciates their sponsorship of George Washington’s Mount Vernon Plant Finder App.

    Bring Washington's Garden Home

    Purchase our historic seeds, collected from plants grown at Mount Vernon and plant them in your own garden.

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