View Larger Acacia

Planted at Mount Vernon

Planted at Mount Vernon Botanical Garden

  • Botanical Garden

  • Hardiness Zones

    8 9 9b 10 10b USDA basemap

    Average annual extreme minimum temperature 1976-2005

    map legend 8b 9a 9b 10a 10b

    Sweet acacia bears golden, sweet-smelling flower during the winter months that are attractive to a variety of pollinators. Its ferny foliage and serpentine branch structure add interest to the garden. Acacia trees make almost impenetrable hedges due to their thorny branches, while the flowers are used in the perfume industry.

    Latin Name

    Vachellia farnesiana



    Also Known As

    Sweet acacia , Huisache , Needle Bush

    Type of Plant

    Tropical Tropical

    Bloom Season

    November - March


    Fall Fall
    Winter Winter
    Spring Spring


    Max height Max Height: 35'
    Max spread Max Spread: 25'


  • Hedge

  • Sunlight Exposure

    Full Sun Full Sun


    Do not ingest Do not ingest
    Harmful to pets Harmful to pets


    Native Range

    Mexico and Central America


    Washington wrote in his diary on June 13, 1785, that he planted “a species of the Acacia (or Acasee) used in the West Indias for incircling their Gardens” in "the inclosure I had prepared for a Nursery" (his Botanic Garden).

    Other Details

    Grown by Washington Grown by Washington

    Bartlett Tree Expert Company has been working with Mount Vernon Estate since 2011 providing expert arboricultural care and GPS mapping for the estate’s historic trees, as well as support from their research facility.   Mount Vernon is proud to partner with Bartlett Tree Experts and appreciates their sponsorship of George Washington’s Mount Vernon Plant Finder App.

    Bring Washington's Garden Home

    Purchase our historic seeds, collected from plants grown at Mount Vernon and plant them in your own garden.

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