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Flat disc waist coat button with iron shank.


This is a one piece metal button, which archaeologists often refer to as “flat disc” buttons. One piece buttons were often made of copper alloys. The shank of this button was a length of iron wire which was inserted into the mold as the button was cast. Once solidified, the casting lines and excess metal would be removed from the button back by trimming on a lathe. The circular lines on the back of this button and the cone shape of the joint between the button and shank are evidence of this process. Buttons such as these were particularly popular in the second half of the eighteenth century through the early nineteenth century.

In the eighteenth century, buttons came in a variety of shapes and sizes. Sometimes this variation can be used to identify which articles of clothing a button may have been used in the past. The diameter of this button indicates it was likely for use on a waistcoat.

Object Type

Has it Been Conserved?


Where Was It Found?

Project Site: House for Families [more details]



Manufacturing Technology



Flat Disc






18th century

Country of Origin



17.04mm x 0.96mm x 17.43mm (W x H x L)

Illustration shows object in comparison to the size of a quarter


1.7 gram(s)

Object Number


DAACS Number


Project: House for Families

The structure identified as the “House for Families” on the 1787 Vaughan plan likely housed the majority of the enslaved population living at the Mansion House Farm for much of the second half of the eighteenth century. The building was in existence from circa 1760 until it was demolished in late 1792 or early 1793. The archaeological evidence for the structure consisted of a brick-lined storage cellar (44FX762/40-47) measuring roughly six feet by six feet. Historically the cellar served as a handy trash receptacle once it ceased to be used for its original storage function, and through extensive excavation has yielded an extremely rich assemblage of household refuse. The analysis of these remains offers the opportunity to study important aspects of the daily lives of Mount Vernon's enslaved community.

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