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Our current list of contributors to The Digital Encyclopedia of George Washington

Jonathan Adams
Jonathan Adams is an undergraduate student at The George Washington University, majoring in Political Science and minoring in History. A native of South Florida, he has interned for two members of Congress and the Office of Legislative Affairs in the Treasury Department.

Andrew Bacas
Andrew R. Bacas, is an MA candidate in American History at George Washington University.  Following a seven-year stint as a Flight Officer in the Navy and a twenty-five year business career, Mr. Bacas is a full-time graduate student preparing for a final career phase in teaching.  He holds a BA in Engineering & Applied Science from Yale and an MBA in Management and Finance from the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. 

Johanna Bakmas
Johanna Bakmas is currently an M.A. candidate in the Museum Studies Program at George Washington University with a focus in museum administration. She holds a B.A. in History with a minor in Music from the University of the Pacific. Johanna's interests are museum development, donor events, and marketing, and has interned in Washington, D.C. at the American Writers Museum and the Smithsonian Associates. After graduation she plans to complete an internship with the membership department of the Smithsonian's National Museum of African Art and then move back to California to begin her museum career.

Rachel Bartgis
Rachel Bartgis is a conservator technician at the US National Archives and Records Administration, and student at Rare Book School at the University of Virginia. She also teaches on the material culture of literacy in the long eighteenth century, including lectures and hands-on workshops on bookbinding, writing pedagogy, and practical penmanship, at universities and museums throughout the East Coast.

D. Jason Berggren, Ph.D.
D. Jason Berggren is an assistant professor of political science at Georgia Southwestern State University where he teaches courses on American politics, including the Presidency, political parties, and religion and politics,. He received his Ph.D. in political science from Florida International University in 2007. Afterwards, he was a post-doctoral teaching fellow for two years at the University of Georgia.

Emma Bilski
Emma Bilski is studying history at George Washington University in Washington, D.C., while working at the Smithsonian American Art Museum. Her historical interests center primarily on the social and scientific history of nineteenth-century Britain. After completing her undergraduate degree, she plans to attend graduate school to continue her study of history.

Tyler Bowers
Tyler Bowers is a master’s degree candidate in the Department of History at George Washington University with a focus in the military history of Early Modern Europe and Colonial America. His master’s thesis explores discipline and punishment in the early Continental Army.

Lydia Mattice Brandt, Ph.D.
Lydia Mattice Brandt is an assistant professor of art history at the University of South Carolina. She studies the history of buildings and landscapes, specializing in American architecture of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Her current research explores the ways in which Americans have remembered Mount Vernon from the eighteenth century to the present day and seeks to understand the influence of the house and its image on popular American architecture and visual culture.


Julia Brown
Julia Brown is completing her BA with a major in History at The George Washington University. She is currently interning with the National Parks Service where she is contributing to a variety of projects, including a Historic Resource Study of the Reconstruction Era.

Matthew A. Byron, Ph.D.
Dr. Matthew Byron received his BA in history from the University of Massachusetts - Amherst, his MA in history from Clemson University and his Ph.D. in history from the University of Arkansas - Fayetteville. He is currently Assistant Professor of History at Young Harris College in Georgia where he teaches early American history and classical Greece and Rome.

T. K. Byron, Ph.D.
Tammy K. Byron is currently Assistant Professor of History at Dalton State College in Dalton, Georgia, where she teaches courses in Colonial and Revolutionary America. She received her Ph.D. in history from the University of Arkansas--Fayetteville in 2008. Dr. Byron's research interests include colonial/early America, women's history, and American religion.


Joshua Canale
Joshua Canale is a Visiting Assistant Professor in History at Le Moyne College in Syracuse, New York. He holds a Ph.D. in Early American History from Binghamton University. His dissertation "American Dictators: Committees for Public Safety during the American Revolution, 1775-1784" examines disaffection and police powers during the Revolution.

Alan Capps, Ph.D.
Alan Capps, Ph.D. received his doctorate in American History from George Mason University. His areas of speciality include the growth and structure of the federal government, borders and borderlands, immigration history, and Anglo-American military history. He is an adjunct professor in history at George Mason University and Northern Virginia Community College, and an affiliate historian with the Department of Veterans Affairs. His lifelong interest in George Washington stems in part from having Professor Marcus Cunliffe as a tutor during his undergraduate days at the University of Sussex in the United Kingdom. 

Jett Conner
Jett Conner is a retired political science professor, college administrator, and academic policy officer for the Colorado Department of Higher Education.  He received his PhD in political science from the University of Colorado, Boulder, and studied the political thought of the American founding period during a National Endowment for the Humanities summer fellowship at Princeton University.  Jett resides in Denver and writes occasional articles about Thomas Paine.

Scott Craig
Scott Craig is a Ph.D. Candidate in the Department of History at Florida State University. His dissertation, "Convict Transportation, Penal Reform, and Imperial Ideology in the Making of America and Australia," is a trans-regional study of the politics of convict labor. He is particularly interested in the evolving definitions of penality, and how transportation eventually gave way to the rise of the penitentiary in the British Empire.

Sarah Crosswy
Sarah Crosswy is completing her master’s degree in Museum Studies at George Washington University. She has completed several internships, including in Collections Management at the Smithsonian’s American and Natural History museums as well as at the Spy Museum.

Jason Dencklau
Jason Dencklau is completing a master’s degree in history at The George Washington University. His thesis explores the influence of northern Baptists in the early United States.  

Anthony Di Lorenzo
Anthony Di Lorenzo is a Ph.D. candidate at Loyola University Chicago. He is completing his dissertation on democratic radicalism and the politics of association in the Atlantic world during the 1790s.


Nicole DiSarno
Nicole DiSarno is completing a BA with a major in Philosophy and a minor in History at The George Washington University. Nicole's history research is focused on military history from World War II through the Cold War.

Charlotte Doney
Charlotte Doney is currently a senior majoring in archaeology at the George Washington University. Her interests include historical archaeology and Mesoamerican archaeology. For the past two years she has been working in objects conservation at the Smithsonian's Museum Conservation Institute. After graduation she plans to work in a museum related career.

Alana Donocoff
Alana Donocoff is a Master's student in the Museum Studies program at the George Washington University. She has written a thesis at SUNY New Paltz on “Pilgrimage in Santiago de Compostela: the Role of Pilgrimage in a Medieval vs. a Modern World.” Alana is currently working in the Gelman Library Special Collections with the National Education Archivist and is studying to become a collections manager.

Shannon E. Duffy, Ph.D.
Shannon Duffy received her BA from Emory University, her MA from the University of New Orleans, and her Ph.D. from the University of Maryland. She is currently a Senior Lecturer at Texas State University. Dr. Duffy's research interests include Revolutionary Boston, Newport and Philadelphia, the Eighteenth-Century Enlightenment, and US Relations with the Barbary in the Early National Period.

Keslie Easton
Keslie Easton is a BBA Candidate in the School of Business at George Washington University, minoring in History. She spent four months as a research intern at the Cold War History Research Center at Corvinus University in Budapest, Hungary.

Carol Ebel, Ph.D.
Carol S. Ebel received her doctorate in 1996 from the University of Georgia. Her fields of research include the colonial era, the Revolution, the Early Republic, and the southern frontier. She worked as an assistant professor of history at Armstrong Atlantic State University in Savannah, Georgia before she accepted her current position as an editor of the Presidential Series, The Papers of George Washington, at the University of Virginia. Dr. Ebel also studies the lives and careers of Virginians who migrated to Georgia during the late eighteenth century.


Meredith Eliassen
Meredith Eliassen, the operations manager for Special Collections at the J. Paul Leonard Library at San Francisco State University, has studied the family in the United States and how the emerging nationalism of America's Early Republic era influenced the lives of ordinary individuals. She recently contributed an essay to Companion to George Washington, edited by Edward G. Lengel, (Wiley-Blackwell, 2012) examining how politicians shaped historic memory during the period of public mourning for George Washington in early 1800 to foster nationalism. Eliassen also wrote a chapter, for Reclaiming Beauty: Collected Essays on Political Anthropology, volume 1, edited by Agnes Horvath and James B. Cuffe (Ficino Press, 2012) exploring the semantics of "industry" as an element of beauty inculcated with fairy tales and fables published in primers and elementary readers to foster female characteristics needed to build and enduring democracy in the United States between 1790 and 1820.


Caroline M. Eisenhuth
Caroline M. Eisenhuth is a currently earning a BA in History and Art History at The George Washington University in Washington, DC. During the summer of 2018, she interned at the Charlotte Museum of History in Charlotte, NC, and designed an exhibit titled The Alexander Family Artifacts.

William M. Etter, Ph.D.
William M. Etter, Ph.D is a Professor of English at Irvine Valley College in California. He is the author of The Good Body: Normalizing Visions in Nineteenth-Century American Literature and Culture, 1836-1867 and various articles in the fields of American Studies and Disability Studies.


Mason Faulkner Fields
Mason Faulkner Fields received his B.A. in history from Sam Houston State University in 2008. His MA thesis, in progress at Texas State University, is entitled "Washington and Mason: The Fairfax Collaboration" and examines the close personal and political relationship between George Washington and George Mason in the years preceding the Revolutionary War.


Maria Ferraguto
Maria Ferraguto received her BA at George Washington University in History and American Studies. She continues her education there through the Museum Studies MA program.

Siobhan Fitzpatrick
Siobhan Fitzpatrick received her B.A. from Ramapo College of New Jersey and her M.A. in history from Villanova University. She has previously worked at Valley Forge National Historical Park and currently serves as the Curator of Collections and Exhibits for the Museum of Early Trades & Crafts in Madison, NJ.


Jay Fondin
Jay Fondin a double major in History and Women’s Studies at The George Washington University. He plans to pursue a graduate degree upon graduating George Washington in May 2016.

Samuel K. Fore
Samuel K. Fore studied history at the University of South Carolina and, after fulfilling his military service obligation, returned for a graduate degree in librarianship. He worked at the South Caroliniana Library and the John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Library of Colonial Williamsburg, respectively before becoming the Assistant Director of the Harlan Crow Library. His research interests concern the era of the American Revolution, especially in the South.

William F. Fowler, Jr., Ph.D.
William M. Fowler, Jr. the former director of the Massachusetts Historical Society is Distinguished Professor of History at Northeastern University. Professor Fowler received his undergraduate degree from Northeastern University and his Ph.D. from the University of Notre Dame. He is the former editor of The New England Quarterly and the author of a number of books relating to American history including: William Ellery A Rhode Island Politico and Lord of Admiralty; Rebels Under Sail: The Navy in the Revolution; The Baron of Beacon Hill: A Biography of John Hancock; Jack Tars and Commodores: The American Navy 1783-1815; Silas Talbot : Captain of Old Ironsides; Under Two Flags: The American Navy in the Civil War; Samuel Adams: Puritan Radical and Empires at War: The French and Indian War and the Struggle For North America, 1754-1763. He wrote the Introduction and Epilogue to Boston Looks Seaward and he is co-author of America and The Sea: A Maritime History of America. His most recent book (2011) is American Crisis: George Washington and the Dangerous Two Years After Yorktown, 1781-1783.

Michael P. Gabriel, Ph.D.
Michael P. Gabriel is a professor of history at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania. Gabriel earned his Ph.D. at Penn State University and has authored two books, The Battle of Bennington: Soldiers and Civilians (2012) and Major General Richard Montgomery: The Making of an American Hero (2002), and co-edited a third, Quebec During the American Invasion, 1775-1776: The Journal of François Baby, Gabriel Taschereau, and Jenkin Williams (2005).


John Gibbs
John Gibbs has worked as a cataloger in the Washington Library since 2007 after retiring from the Library of Congress.  He earned his bachelor’s degree in American Studies from The George Washington University and completed graduate courses in American and English literature and Library Science.  He became interested in paleontology in elementary school upon discovering fossils in his Washington, D.C. neighborhood.

Annie Gittess
Annie Gittess is currently a student enrolled in a dual degree program at The George Washington University. She is completing her B.A. in Psychology with a minor in Fine Arts while simultaneously working towards her M.A. in Art Therapy.

Matthew Goetz
The George Washington University

Cassandra Good, Ph.D.
Cassandra Good is Assistant Professor of History at Marymount University and the author of Founding Friendships: Friendships Between Men and Women in the Early American Republic (Oxford, 2015). Good received her Ph.D. in History at the University of Pennsylvania. She is now writing a book on George Washington's step-grandchildren and the power of family.

George Goodwin, FRHistS, FRSA
George Goodwin is the author of Benjamin Franklin in London: The British Life of America’s Founding Father, published by Yale University Press (USA) and Weidenfeld & Nicolson (UK). He is Author in Residence at Benjamin Franklin House in London, the sole surviving home of the many in which Dr Franklin lived – on both sides of the Atlantic – and which is now a Museum and Education Center. George is an Eccles Centre Makin Fellow at the British Library and a 2014 & 2017 Peter Nicolaisen International Fellow at the Robert H. Smith Center for Jefferson Studies, Monticello. George is also a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society and of the Royal Society of Arts.  He is a Graduate of Cambridge University.


Kevin Grimm, Ph.D.
Kevin Grimm received his Ph.D. in the history of American foreign relations from Ohio University in June 2012 and is currently a visiting assistant professor at Beloit College. His dissertation, "Symbol of Modernity: Ghana, African Americans, and the Eisenhower Administration," focused on attempts by black Americans to use Ghana in the civil rights movement as a symbol of black ability to wield power effectively, fairly, and safely in modern political systems. Grimm also traced the significant level of African American influence on both general U.S. foreign relations with Africa and on specific episodes in the American relationship with Ghana.

Hope Grossman
Hope Grossman is currently completing her Bachelor of Arts in History at The George Washington University. Outside of school, Hope interns with the Human Rights Campaign, where she hopes to progress human equality through her work in the Fundraising Department.

Rob Hardy, Ph.D.
Rob Hardy is a poet, writer, and research associate in classics at Carleton College. He has won a national poetry chapbook competition, had his adaptation of Aeschylus's Oresteia performed to sold out audiences at Carleton's new theater, and had his poetry stamped into downtown sidewalks in Northfield, Minnesota. His scholarship on America and the classical tradition has appeared in International Journal of the Classical Tradition, New England Quarterly, and Dickinson College's Blog Divided.


Kathryn Harris
Kathryn Harris is studying history at George Washington University. Her primary historical interest is the ideological conception of religious and economic liberty in North America during the Age of Revolution. After completing her undergraduate education, she plans to attend law school with an intention of becoming a public interest lawyer.

Michael D. Hattem
Michael D. Hattem is a doctoral student at Yale University. He received his B.A. in History from the City University of New York. His work focuses on colonial and Revolutionary America, particularly the middle colonies. His research has examined the coming of the Revolution as well as the Enlightenment, religion, and print culture in colonial New York City.

Twitter: @michaelhattem

David Head, Ph.D.
David Head is currently a Visiting Assistant Professor of history at the University of Central Florida in Orlando. He received his Ph.D. in 2010 from the University at Buffalo, The State University of New York and has a book manuscript, titled To Sail in Foreign Wars: Spanish American Privateering from the United States and the Influence of Geopolitics in the Early Republic, under contract with the University of Georgia Press. Dr. Head regularly teaches courses in the American Revolution, Age of Jefferson, and Age of Jackson and is also interested in maritime history, Atlantic history, and U.S. foreign relations.

David Hildebrand, Ph.D.
Dr. David Hildebrand is a specialist in early American music.  He performs and lectures widely, mostly with his wife Ginger Hildebrand, and he teaches American music history at the graduate level at the Peabody Conservatory in Baltimore.  A 2016-2017 Research Fellow at the Fred W. Smith National Library for the Study of George Washington, David consulted on the PBS series Liberty! -- the American Revolution and created the sound-track for one hour film Rediscovering George Washington.  He has appeared on C-Span Television, the BBC radio, NPR, "History Detectives" and is featured in the documentary Anthem (the story behind "The Star-Spangled Banner").  Among seven full-length sound recordings is "George Washington: Music for the First President." A co-author of Musical Maryland: A History of Song and Performance from the Colonial Period to the Age of Radio (2017, JHU Press), David has also written numerous articles, reviews, and encyclopedic entries for American Music, the Maryland Historical Magazine and the William & Mary Quarterly.


Katie Hill
Katie Hill is an undergraduate student in the Department of History at Queen Mary University of London and participated in a study abroad exchange program with George Washington University.

Nicholas Holy
Nicholas Holy is a student at the George Washington University completing a BA with a double major in History and Political Science. His interests include British military strategy in Canada during the American Revolution and how tactical miscalculations prevented the British from achieving victory in this theater of operations.

Katherine Horan
The George Washington University

Hillary Hughes
Hillary Hughes is a MA Student with a major in history and a concentration in historic preservation at The George Washington University. A former museum curator and archivist, Ms. Hughes hopes to continue her education to the doctorate level to pursue a career in public history.

Alexander Immekus
Alexander Immekus is a B.A. candidate with a major in History with a focus on Catholic persecution in the American Colonies. He is a brother in Alpha Phi Omega, a co-educational community service fraternity. In addition to his studies, Alexander interns for the District of Columbia Public Schools. After completing his undergraduate degree, he hopes to work in the education field.

Joshua Jeffers
Joshua Jeffers is a Ph.D. candidate in history at Purdue University specializing in the history of the Ohio Valley. His dissertation, titled “Native Spaces, Settler Landscapes, and the Culture of Manifest Destiny: The Transformations of Ohio Country, 1730-1830,” looks at the relationship between landscapes and power in both the struggle for the Ohio Valley and in the fostering of an ethic of expansion in American culture. He received an MA in history from Northern Illinois University in 2009 for which he conducted research in the Native occupation and use of Kentucky during the contact period, and has published work in the Maryland Historical Magazine and currently has an article in review with the Register of the Kentucky Historical Society.

Jared Johnson
Jared Johnson is currently a senior majoring in History at The George Washington University in Washington, DC. His senior thesis was entitled "Thomas Brown, the 2nd District of Columbia Infantry, and the American Civil War." Jared's interests focus on U.S. military history with a strong attention to the Civil War. He is also a Civil War reenactor. Jared is currently the Historian of the GW Chapter of Phi Alpha Theta, the National History Honor Society. After graduation, he plans on staying in the Washington Metropolitan area to start his career.


Kate Johnson
Kate Johnson is a senior at the University of Northern Colorado studying History and German. Kate will graduate in August 2013 and her thesis research looks into the influence of religion on women's involvement in the American Revolution.


Maria Kimberly
Maria Kimberly is the research assistant at the Papers of George Washington, housed at the University of Virginia. Formerly the resource development coordinator at the Library of Virginia, she created numerous resources for the Virginia Memory Web site and assisted editor Warren Billings on The Papers of Sir William Berkeley: 1605–1677, (Richmond, 2007).


William P. Kladky, Ph.D.
William P. Kladky, Ph.D. - William P. Kladky is an occasional lecturer at the College of Notre Dame of Maryland. He holds a BA in English from Muhlenberg College, and a MA and Ph.D. in sociology from Northeastern University. He specializes in American history, civil rights, and religion.

Lily Kondrich
The George Washington University

Arnold G. Konheim
Arnold G. Konheim is a docent at the Smithsonian Institution’s National Air and Space Museum where he conducts tours and carries out aviation and space research. Prior to that, he had a long and distinguished career at the U. S. Department of Transportation. A physicist by background, he carried out research and formulated transportation policy related to safety, security, health and environment while serving as the Senior Advisor for Science and Health in the Office of the Secretary of Transportation.

Peter Kotowski
Peter Kotowski is a Ph.D. Candidate at Loyola University Chicago. His work focuses on early American History and the Atlantic World with a specific focus on labor and women's and gender history. Peter's dissertation reexamines colonial Pennsylvania as the best poor man's country through an analysis of the lived experiences of indentured servants.

Twitter: @pbkotowski

Annabel LaBrecque
Annabel LaBrecque is studying history and political science at the George Washington University and working at the National History Center. She has previously interned in the United States Senate, the Office of the Historian for the U.S. House of Representatives, and at the First Federal Congress Project. Her primary field of interest is Native American history.

Veronica La Du
Veronica La Du is completing her BA in History with a concentration in Public History and a minor in Anthropology at the George Washington University. After graduation she is continuing her studies at GWU in the Museum Studies master’s program, where she is hoping to combine her loves of history, education, and all things theatrical.

Nelly Lambert
Primarily a scholar of Emily Dickinson, Nelly Lambert also enjoys researching the work of modernist writers such as Henry James, Gertrude Stein, Edna Saint Vincent Millay, Robert Hayden, and Langston Hughes. Her current projects include work on humor in poetry, love in the American short story, and interdisciplinary essays linking European and eastern philosophy with nineteenth century American poetry. Currently a fellow with the American Association of University Women, Lambert trained in literature, film, American poetry, and philosophy at the University of Chicago, Georgetown University, Catholic University and Saint John's College, respectively. She has taught at Georgetown University, Catholic University, and Trinity Washington University; among her favorite subjects to teach are Shakespeare and the literature of Washington, DC.

Cody Lass
Cody Lass received his B.A. in History from Texas State University-San Marcos in 2008. In 2010 he completed his M.A. in History at Texas Tech University. Cody's research interests include Colonial America and the Atlantic World with a specialization in the American Revolution. He also works within the fields of United States Diplomatic History, Nationalism, and War and Society. Currently Cody is a Ph.D. Candidate at Texas Tech and also serves as an instructor for survey courses in American History.

Marc Leepson
Journalist and historian Marc Leepson's books include Lafayette: Lessons in Leadership From the Idealist General, a concise biography of the Marquis de Lafayette; Flag: An American Biography, a history of the American flag from the beginnings to the 21st century; Desperate Engagement, a history of the 1864 Civil War Battle of Monocacy and Confederate General Jubal Early's subsequent attack on Washington, D.C.; and Saving Monticello, a history of Thomas Jefferson's house concentrating on what happened after Jefferson died. His eighth book, What So Proudly We Hailed: Francis Scott Key, a Life, the first full-length biography of the author of "The Star-Spangled Banner" since 1937, will be published in June 2014. He teaches U.S. History at Lord Fairfax Community College in Warrenton, Virginia. Marc Leepson's website is

Chelsea Lenhart
Chelsea Lenhart is an undergraduate student studying International Affairs and History at The George Washington University. Her historical interests center on military leaders and military exploits, as well as cultural conservatism. She intends to pursue graduate studies in Security Policy upon graduating in May 2014.

Chris Logsdon
Chris Logsdon is a B.A. Candidate with a major in Political Science in the Columbian College of Arts & Sciences at The George Washington University. He is the recipient of The George Washington University Board of Trustees Academic Scholarship. He has worked in the offices of U.S. Senator Barbara A. Mikulski and Cumberland, MD Mayor Brian K. Grim. He is currently an intern in the office of U.S. Senator Ben Cardin. After completing his undergraduate degree, he plans to attend law school.

Mary Lesher
Mary Lesher is a master’s degree candidate in the Museum Studies Department at the George Washington University. She holds a bachelor’s degree in history from Vassar College. Mary’s studies focus on exhibitions, visitor experience, and gender history in the United States.

Jonathan Marine
Jonathan Marine is completing a BA with a History major at George Washington University. His interests include the United States during the Gilded Age.

James MacDonald, Ph.D.
Dr. James MacDonald is an Associate Professor of History at Northwestern State University in Natchitoches, Louisiana. MacDonald teaches courses in Colonial, and Revolutionary America as well as Atlantic Slavery and the American West. He has written book chapters on Abraham Lincoln and George Washington including the recently published "Revolution and Peace," in A Companion to George Washington, published by Wiley-Blackwell (2012).

Rachel McBrayer
Rachel McBrayer completed her Bachelor of Arts in History at the George Washington University and is a candidate for a Master of Arts in Museum Studies at the university.

Nick McGrath
Nick McGrath is a history major, Phi Alpha Theta member, and a member of the George Washington University Class of 2014. His specialty is military history, spanning from the eighteenth through twenty-first century. Nick has published several articles for On Point: The Journal of Army History.

Mollie McHale
Mollie McHale is an undergraduate history student at King’s College London. She is especially interested in the history of the British Empire and how American history evolved from its status as a colony into a world superpower.

Jim Mc Intyre
Jim Mc Intyre is an Assistant Professor of History at Moraine Valley Community College in Illinois. In addition, he is a Fleet Professor in the United States Naval War college Distance Learning Program at Great Lakes, IL. He received his Bachelor's in History from Temple University in Philadelphia in 1996 and his Masters in History from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 1999. His primary research focus is the American War of Independence. He is currently writing a book on the role of the riflemen in that conflict.

Adam Meehan
Adam Meehan is originally from Southern California and is currently a doctoral candidate in literature at The University of Arizona. He specializes in nineteenth and twentieth century British and American literature, modernism, critical theory, and the novel.

Taylor Mellaci
Taylor Mellaci is a senior at The George Washington University pursuing a degree in International Affairs with a minor in Spanish.

Jeffrey Messina
Jeffrey Messina is a Bachelor of Sciences candidate in the Department of Economics at the George Washington University. He is a member of Phi Beta Kappa, president of Omicron Delta Epsilon, the Honors Economics Society, and a member of the University Honors Program. He received a Luther Rice Fellowship from George Washington to study Federal Reserve Greenbook forecasts. He will be working at Bates White, LLC as an economic consultant beginning in August 2013.

Joseph Meyer, Ph.D.
Joseph Meyer received his Ph.D. in early American literature from the University of Arkansas. His research focuses on Judeo-Christian representations in early America. He has published articles on Herman Melville's "Bartleby, the Scrivener" and "Benito Cereno," as well as on the epic hero in James Joyce's Ulysses.

Aubrianna Mierow
Aubrianna Mierow is a Bachelor of Arts Candidate in the Department of History at The George Washington University with a concentration in U.S. History and a double minor in Political Science and Law & Society. 

Curtis F. Morgan, Jr., Ph.D.
Curtis F. Morgan, Jr. has taught World and U.S. History at Lord Fairfax Community College since August 2000. He earned his Ph.D . in Modern European History from the University of South Carolina in 1998 and is the author of James F. Byrnes, Lucius Clay and American Policy in Germany, 1945-1947. His essay, "'A Merchandise of Small Wares': Nathanael Greene's Northern Apprenticeship, 1775-1780," recently appeared in the collection General Nathanael Greene and the American Revolution in the South, edited by Greg Massey and Jim Piecuch (Univ. of South Carolina Press, 2012). Morgan is presently working on a military biography of General Nathanael Greene.

Cameron Neilley
Cameron Neilley is an undergraduate at The George Washington University, studying history and politics. He is currently researching French Canadian society during the War of 1812, and he specializes more broadly in the French Atlantic world. He expects to graduate with honors in history in May of 2014.

Emily Niekrasz
Emily Niekrasz completed her BA, with a major in History and minor in American Studies, at The George Washington University.  She is particularly interested in the history of Washington, DC, and plans to earn a degree in Museum Studies in the near future.  

Kieran O’Keefe
Kieran O’Keefe is a Ph.D. student at The George Washington University. Kieran received his B.A. from Mount Saint Mary College and his M.A. from the University of Vermont. He studies Colonial and Revolutionary America with a focus on social violence in loyalist communities of the Hudson Valley during the American Revolutionary War.

Nick Oristian
Nick Oristian is completing an MA in Museum Administration in the Museum Studies Department at The George Washington University. He holds a BA in American History with a specialization in American Civil War Weaponry and Tactics from Gettysburg College. He is especially interested in the tactics of artillery during the war. He is currently employed as a Museum Aide and Living Historian at Fort Ward in Alexandria, Virginia.

Michael Paganelli
Michael Paganelli is completing a Bachelor of Arts in History at The George Washington University.

Russell S. Perkins
Russell Perkins has been working in higher education administration for several years, primarily serving adult and military students. Mr. Perkins holds an M.A. in Military History for Norwich University, an MS degree in Information Management-Project Management from Grantham University, a BA in United States History from Graceland University, and has published in The Mexican War Journal and On Point: The Journal of Army History.

Browning Platt
Browning Platt is currently a junior at George Washington University pursuing a degree in Political Science and a minor in History.

Robin Pokorski
Robin Pokorski is completing a double major in History and Classical Studies at The George Washington University, where she is also Vice President of the university’s chapter of Phi Alpha Theta. Her primary historical interests are women and gender in the medieval world and the medieval church. She received a Luther Rice Fellowship to pursue research in Europe for her senior thesis, “‘Such thievery made on a Christian people’: Furta Sacra Narratives and the Fourth Crusade.” Following graduation, she hopes to work in a position that utilizes her historical interests before pursuing a Ph.D. in medieval history.

Patrick Allan Pospisek
Patrick Allan Pospisek is a doctoral candidate at Purdue University specializing in the early American republic and nineteenth century Midwest. His work has been published in the Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society and Historical Geography. His current projects include a monographic study of Galena, Illinois during the nineteenth century and research into the federal government's role in the Midwestern mineral booms preceding the California gold rush.

Alexa Price
Alexa Price is a student in the PhD program at George Washington University. She studies eighteenth and nineteenth century Britain, with a focus on memory and cultural representations of the Royal Navy.

Eli Pullman
Eli Pullman is a senior studying Pure Mathematics and Philosophy at The George Washington University. After graduating, he will work in economic consulting for the National Economic Research Associates (NERA) in New York City.

Bailey Reed
Bailey Reed is an undergraduate at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville, VA and recently had the opportunity of working as a research assistant at the Papers of George Washington, a documentary editing project based at UVA that is working to publish Washington's correspondence. 

David Alan Rego
David Alan Rego studied history at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, where he was the recipient of the Harold W. Cary History Prize. In addition to his undergraduate degree, he also holds an M.A. in History from Tufts University.

Zach Sanders
Zach Sanders is a B.A. candidate in the Department of History at The George Washington University. His undergraduate studies have focused predominantly on American constitutional history, both surrounding the foundational and modern eras of American constitutional jurisprudence. He expects to attend law school following graduation.

Katrina Schoorl
Katrina Schoorl is currently an M.A. candidate in the Museum Studies program at the George Washington University focusing on Exhibition Development. She holds a B.A. in Sociology with a minor in History from the University of California, Davis. Katrina is interested in the visitor experience of museums, including public programming, visitor education, and museum evaluation.

Adam D. Shprintzen, Ph.D.
Adam Shprintzen served as Digital and Archival Historian at the Fred W. Smith National Library for the Study of George Washington at Mount Vernon. Adam holds a Ph.D. in History from Loyola University Chicago, an M.A. in History from Hunter College, CUNY, and a B.A. in History from Manhattanville College. Shprintzen's research focuses on nineteenth century reform, specifically the development of vegetarianism in the United States from the Early Republic through the Progressive Era. Adam's first book, The Vegetarian Crusade: The Rise of an American Reform Movement, 1817-1921 was released by the University of North Carolina Press in October of 2013.

Stephen Santelli
Stephen Santelli received his B.A. in Classical Studies from the College of William and Mary and M.A. in history from George Mason University. He is currently a doctoral student in history at West Virginia University. His dissertation will focus on the causes for the preservation movement in the late nineteenth century in America, Britain and the British Empire. Stephen has worked as a park ranger at the Manassas National Battlefield Park in Virginia.

Michael Schellhammer
Michael Schellhammer is a former U.S. Army officer with service in the Persian Gulf War, Haiti, Bosnia, and Iraq. He holds a BA in History from Mercyhurst College and a Master’s in Strategic Studies from the U.S. Army War College. Mike’s work has appeared in The Washington Post, the Journal of the American Revolution, The Washington Times, The Army Times, and The Military Intelligence Professional Bulletin. He is the author of The 83rd Pennsylvania Volunteers in the Civil War (McFarland, 2003), and George Washington and the Final British Campaign for the Hudson River, 1779 (McFarland, 2012).  Mike lives in Arlington, Virginia with his wife, dog, and cat, who pretty much run the show.

Joseph Scott
Joseph Scott is an Air Defense officer in the United States Army.  He has served in Kuwait, Iraq, Korea, and Afghanistan. He is a former Assistant Professor at the US Military Academy at West Point, and received his Master's in History from the University of Virginia.

James M. Scythes
James M. Scythes is an Instructor of History at West Chester University of Pennsylvania. He received a B.A. in History from Rowan University in 1995 and an M.A. in History from Villanova University in 1997. His research focuses on eighteenth and nineteenth century military history. Scythes has written a number of encyclopedia entries and has a book under consideration, which focuses on the life of 2nd Lieutenant Thomas James Howell, a seventeen year old officer in the American Civil War.

Maria Seidel
Maria Seidel is a B.A. candidate at the George Washington University. A recipient of the George Washington University Board of Trustees Academic Scholarship, she is an English major and a Spanish and History double minor. Maria is currently the Director of External Affairs for GW Shakespeare as well as an alumni of the Dean's Scholar in Shakespeare program. Following graduation, Maria hopes to work in a position related to her areas of study before pursuing a graduate degree in a relevant field.

Mike Serverian
Mike Serverian is a graduate of the George Washington University with a Bachelors of Arts in Economics and Political Science with a concentration in Public Policy.

Rebecca Sharer
Rebecca Sharer is completing a BA with a major in Communications and a minor in Political Science at The George Washington University. After completing her undergraduate degree, she hopes to work on Capitol Hill while attending graduate school to continue her study of political communications.

Michael J. F. Sheehan
Michael J. F. Sheehan has just graduated with his Bachelor's Degree in History from Ramapo College of New Jersey. An Historical Interpreter at the Stony Point Battlefield State Historic Site for nearly eight years, Michael has spent most of his time studying the American Revolution with a focus on the role of the Hudson Highlands and Lower Hudson Valley, where he has lived his whole life. He also studies artillery, uniforms, and Highland Regiments. Deeply involved in the Brigade of the American Revolution since 2008, Michael has reenacted and spoken at countless historic sites and societies in New York and New Jersey, and is currently serving as a board member for Lamb's Artillery Company. He contributes to the Journal of the American Revolution ( and the Brigade Dispatch.

Kerrington Shields
Kerrington Shields is a MA Candidate in the Department of History at The George Washington University. His concentration is in Imperial and Colonial Studies and he is especially interested in the root causes of the rift that occurred between the American colonists and the British government in the 1760s and 1770s.

Craig Bruce Smith, Ph.D.
Craig Bruce Smith earned his PhD in American History from Brandeis University. He currently holds teaching positions at Brandeis and Tufts University. Dr. Smith specializes in the American colonial, revolutionary, and early republican eras. His book manuscript, "Rightly to Be Great: Honor, Virtue, Ethics and the American Revolution," is under review for publication. Currently, he is researching his new project, “Redemption: The American Revolution, Ethics, and Abolitionism in Britain and the United States.” 

M. Earl Smith
M. Earl Smith is an undergraduate, majoring in history and creative writing, at The University of Pennsylvania. A native of southeast Tennessee, he has published close to two dozen essays, poems, short stories, and other pieces of literary work. His current research includes commonplace books in Early America, and a template for a simulation of the Amistad trial for the Reacting to the Past series of classroom games.

Taylor Soja
Taylor Soja is finishing her undergraduate degree in history at The George Washington University, where she is writing an honors thesis titled “We Are Making a New World: The Official War Art of Paul Nash.” In fall 2015, she will begin a PhD program in Modern European history at the University of Washington in Seattle. Her interests focus on social and cultural changes in Britain at the turn of the century, especially in relation to the First World War.

Mary Stockwell, Ph.D.
Dr. Mary Stockwell is a 2012 Earhart Foundation Fellow at the William L. Clements Library at the University of Michigan and a Research Fellow at the Lincoln International Center at Louisiana State University Shreveport. She previously served as the American History Professor at Lourdes University where she was the Chair of the Department of History, Political Science, and Geography. Dr. Stockwell is the author of textbooks used by young people throughout the United States including The Ohio Adventure, A Journey through Maine, and Massachusetts, Our Home, the 2005 winner of the Golden Lamp Award from the Association of Educational Publishers for Best Book. She is also the author of Woodrow Wilson: The Last Romantic in the First Men in America Series for Nova Press and has just completed Many Trails of Tears: The Removal of the Ohio Tribes for the Ohio University Press and A History of the United States to 1865 for Bridgepoint Education. She is currently researching the life and letters of General Anthony Wayne.

Yaari Nadav Tal
Yaari Nadav Tal is completing a major in Political Science with a double minor in Jazz Studies and History at The George Washington University. He is particularly interested in the artistic and musical culture of the United States in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries.

Mary V. Thompson
Mary Thompson has a B.A. in History, with a minor in Folklore, from Samford University in Birmingham, Alabama, and an M.A. in History from the University of Virginia, where her thesis dealt with the relationship between colonists and Native Americans in Georgia and the Carolinas in the mid-eighteenth century. She is currently the Research Historian at Mount Vernon, with a primary focus on everyday life on the estate, including domestic routines, foodways, religious practices, slavery, and the slave community. More recently, Mary authored the book In the Hands of a Good Providence: Religion in the Life of George Washington (Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2008), for which she received the 2009 Alexandria History Award from the Alexandria [Virginia] Historical Society. Mary recently published "The Only Unavoidable Subject of Regret": George Washington, Slavery, and The Enslaved Community at Mount Vernon (Charlottesville: University Press, 2019).

Rahul Tilva
Rahul Tilva is a B.A candidate with a major in International Affairs at the Elliot School of International Affairs at The George Washington University. His academic concentration is in Latin American Regional Affairs and he has worked in the office of the international development company ACDI/VOCA. Rahul's research interests include Early American and Latin American History with a focus on colonization and revolution. He has served as the Captain of the University's Indian dance team, GW Raas, and plans to attend Law School after graduation where he will focus on International Law.

Delia Titzell
Delia Titzell is a master’s candidate in the Museum Studies program at George Washington University, and a Visitor Services Associate at the National Geographic Museum in Washington, D.C.

Alexander Todd
The George Washington University

George Tsakiridis, Ph.D.
George Tsakiridis is currently an Instructor at South Dakota State University in philosophy and religion. His research is broadly on the interaction of religion and science, specifically early Christianity and science. George also teaches Religion in American Culture and has deep interest in the creative arts, specifically film. He holds a Ph.D. from the Lutheran School of Theology at Chicago.


Jack Upton
The George Washington University

Katie Uva
Katie Uva received her BA in Classics and American Studies from Boston University in 2010. She is currently a Ph.D. student in History at the CUNY Graduate Center. She is also the Museum Technician at Governors Island National Monument, and a history blogger for Her research interests include cultural history, urban history, and the American presidency.

Claire Vanderwood
The George Washington University

Amanda Walli
Amanda Walli is a second year M.A. student in George Washington University’s Museum Studies Program. She is focusing on collections management with an academic emphasis in material culture and will graduate in May 2013. She has completed several internships in various museums in the Washington, D.C. area, including the National Portrait Gallery, the Stabler-Leadbeater Apothecary Museum, and the National Building Museum.

Elliot Warren
Elliot Warren is an undergraduate student at The George Washington University double majoring in History and Political Science. A New Jersey native, he has interned in Congress and worked on several political campaigns. His focus in history is on the connections between the American and French Revolutions.

Quinton Weinstein
From Portland, Oregon, Quinton Weinstein is an honors history major at the George Washington University concentrating in American and Asian history. He is particularly interested in the American Revolution.

Reed Westcott
Reed Westcott is a senior at The George Washington University, double majoring in History and Political Science.

Kathryn White
Kathryn White is completing a BA in history and archaeology at the George Washington University, while working at the Civil War Trust. Her historical research primarily concerns early American history through the Civil War period.

Ariel Wilks
Ariel Wilks is currently a M.A. candidate in History at George Washington University with a focus on naval and military history in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. She holds a B.A. in History and Classics with a minor in English from Trinity University. After graduation, she plans on pursuing her doctorate in History.

Victoria Williams, Ph.D.
Victoria Williams was awarded a Ph.D. in English from King's College, London for a thesis examining the role of continental European fairytales in nineteenth-century British literature and art, and on film. Williams' research interests focus on fairytale, folklore and the Gothic, particularly in relation to Victorian literature and British and American film, and Hollywood during the Studio Era. She has worked as an editorial assistant on several digital humanities projects including Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition, and worked at Leighton House Museum, London. In addition, Williams was a regular contributor to Routledge's Annotated Bibliography of English Studies.

Robert Wolfe
Robert Wolfe graduated from Clemson University with a B.A. in history. Currently he is a candidate for a M.A. in Public History from West Virginia University. His research interests include ideas and impacts of patriotism during wartime. Robert spent ten weeks working for Mount Vernon as an intern in the Historic Trades Department. Over the course of the internship, Wolfe researched the relationship between London Merchants and planters in the American Colonies. He has also worked on the interpretation of West Virginia's coal mining heritage and in historic preservation.

Gwendolyn K. White
Gwendolyn K. White is a Ph.D. candidate in the Department of History and Art History at George Mason University. Her dissertation "Commerce and Community at Mount Vernon," is a study of the interactions of the residents of George Washington's plantation and the surrounding community within the framework of local and global commerce. White has a Master of Architectural History from the University of Virginia and previously held a fellowship at Mount Vernon transcribing some of Washington's farm and financial papers.

Jeffrey A. Zemler, Ph.D.
Jeffrey A. Zemler is currently an adjunct instructor at Brookhaven College in Farmers Branch, Texas. He received his Ph.D. in 2011 from the University of North Texas and has a book manuscript, titled A Political Realignment: James Madison, the South, and the Trans-Appalachian West, under contract. The author of several articles on Texas, he is currently working on a political biography of the late eighteenth-century Virginian/Kentuckian George Nicholas.

John H. Zimmerman
John H. Zimmerman has pursued a varied professional career, primarily in the credit union and financial sector. There he excelled in writing congressional testimony, opinion editorials, trade magazine articles and policy analysis. Zimmerman has frequently lived overseas in support of his wife’s stand-out 26-year career as a Foreign Service Officer. While at post, he was a freelance writer and exhibited photography while being the primary care provider for their son. Zimmerman has a BA from UCLA and an MA from George Washington University, both in political science. His last piece for the encyclopedia was on Governor Robert Dinwiddie and several of his photographs have been featured on Mount Vernon’s Instagram and Facebook as well as the official Instagram for Fairfax County, VA. Zimmerman is currently a guide  at Mount Vernon.

Xu, Yijin
XU, Yijin is currently an international exchange student in the Elliott School of International Affairs at The George Washington University. She is a joint-degrees candidate at The Sydney Law School, double majoring in international affairs and history with a concentration in East Asian studies. Before returning to Australia to complete her degrees, she plans to travel extensively throughout the United States. She is also a recipient of the Sydney International Exchange Scholarship sponsored by the Australian government.


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