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About the Book
The U.S. Constitution never established a presidential cabinet—the delegates to the Constitutional Convention explicitly rejected the idea. So how did George Washington create one of the most powerful bodies in the federal government?
On November 26, 1791, George Washington convened his department secretaries—Alexander Hamilton, Thomas Jefferson, Henry Knox, and Edmund Randolph—for the first cabinet meeting. Why did he wait two and a half years into his presidency to call his cabinet? Because the U.S. Constitution did not create or provide for such a body. Washington was on his own.
Faced with diplomatic crises, domestic insurrections, and constitutional challenges—and finding congressional help lacking—Washington decided he needed a group of advisors he could turn to. He modeled his new cabinet on the councils of war he had led as commander of the Continental Army. In the early days, the cabinet served at the president’s pleasure. Washington tinkered with its structure throughout his administration, at times calling regular meetings, at other times preferring written advice and individual discussions.
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About the Author
Lindsay M. Chervinsky, Ph.D. is a historian at the White House Historical Association. She received her B.A. in history and political science from the George Washington University, her M.A. and Ph.D. from the University of California, Davis, and a postdoctoral fellowship from the Center for Presidential History at Southern Methodist University. She is an expert in Early American history, the presidency, and the government – especially the president’s cabinet.
She has received fellowships from the Organization of American Historians, the Society of the Cincinnati, the International Center for Jefferson Studies, and the Fred W. Smith National Library for the Study of George Washington. Chervinsky shares her research by writing everything from op-eds to books, speaking on podcasts and other media, and teaching every kind of audience. Chervinsky has been featured in the Law and History Review, the Journal of the Early Republic, Presidential Studies Quarterly, TIME, and the Washington Post. Her new book, The Cabinet: George Washington and the Creation of an American Institution, was published by the Belknap Imprint of Harvard University Press on April 7, 2020.