Baptist, Edward. The Half Has Never Been Told: Slavery and the Making of American Capitalism. New York: Basic Books, 2014.
Beckert, Seven. Empire of Cotton: A Global History. Penguin Random House, 2015.
Berlin, Ira and Ronald Hoffman, editors. Slavery and Freedom in the Age of the American Revolution. Charlottesville: The University of Virginia Press, 1983.
Hammond, John and Matthew Mason. Contesting Slavery: The Politics of Bondage and Freedom in the New American Nation. Charlottesville: The University of Virginia Press, 2011.
Horn, James, Jan Lewis, and Peter Onuf, editors. The Revolution of 1800: Democracy, Race, and the New Republic. Charlottesville: The University of Virginia Press, 2002.
Library of Congress. “A chronology of key events in the history of African American military service.” www.loc.gov/collections/gladstone-african-american-military-collection/articles-and-essays/timeline/
Mason, Matthew. Slavery and Politics in the Early American Republic. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 2006.
Monticello. “Thomas Jefferson: Liberty & Slavery.” www.monticello.org/slavery-at-monticello/liberty-slavery/
Montpelier. “The Mere Distinction of Colour.” www.montpelier.org/resources/mere-distinction-of-colour
Montpelier. “Slavery, the Constitution, and a Lasting Legacy.” www.montpelier.org/learn/slavery-constitution-lasting-legacy
National Geographic. “A History of Slavery in the United States.” www.nationalgeographic.org/interactive/slavery-united-states/
National Park Service. “African Americans In The Revolutionary Period.” www.nps.gov/revwar/about_the_revolution/african_americans.html
The New York History Blog. “Black Americans in the Revolutionary War.” newyorkhistoryblog.org/2014/03/black-americans-in-the-revolutionary-war/
Oakes, James. Freedom National: The Destruction of Slavery in the United States, 1861-1865. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2012.
Office of the Historian, U.S. House of Representatives. “The Interim Federal Capital in Philadelphia.” history.house.gov/Historical-Highlights/1700s/The-interim-federal-capital-in-Philadelphia/
Palliser, Jerome. “The Hidden Life of Crispus Attucks.” Journal of the American Revolution. March 5, 2014. allthingsliberty.com/2014/03/the-hidden-life-of-crispus-attucks/.
Rosenthal, Caitlin. Accounting for Slavery: Masters and Management. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2018.
Thompson, Mary. “The Only Unavoidable Subject of Regret” George Washington, Slavery, and the Enslaved Community at Mount Vernon. Charlottesville: The University of Virginia Press, 2019.
Slavery in the United States Timeline researched and written by Jeanette Patrick, George Washington's Mount Vernon