Intricately carved and painted ivory fans were among the most highly desired items exported from China to the United States in the mid- to late-eighteenth century. Martha Washington is known to have been particularly fond of fans, purchasing at least 28 for herself between 1755 and 1793. This example, likely acquired during George Washington's presidency, features a shield-shaped cartouche depicting the triumph of Liberty, who is personified as a young woman in classical dress carrying a pole with a Phrygian cap. More


c. 1790



Ivory, silk, gilt, watercolors, iron, copper, mother of pearl


Overall: 10 1/8 in. x 16 1/2 in. x 1 1/8 in. (25.73 cm x 41.91 cm x 2.87 cm)


Gift of Mrs. Charles A. Conrad, 1894

Object Number



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