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Label

This side chair is one of several walnut chairs with a history of use in George Washington's presidential household in Philadelphia. Carved numerals in the front seat rail and front slip-seat rail identify the chair as part of a set. While the chair could have been used in several rooms in the executive mansion, its current crimson silk damask upholstery reflects that which was used in the state dining room. There were approximately three-dozen dining chairs in the room to accommodate the large parties of thirty or more guests who often ate with the president.

Description

Walnut side chair with a serpentine crest rail depressed at center and terminating in flared ears, a solid vasiform splat seated in the shoe, raked-back stiles with flat faces and rounded backs, and a trapezoidal slip-seat frame with rounded top edges and flat-arched horizontal shaping to the rails; "II" chiseled into front seat rail rabbet; crest rail and stiles with single bead along outside edge; stiles tenoned into crest rail and secured with a single peg; front and side seat rails tenoned into legs and double pegged on each side; quarter round corner blocks of one piece of wood with vertical grain and chiseled, beveled top edge; double pegged, through tenons on the back stiles; front cabriole legs with rounded knees, ogee knee brackets secured with roseheaded nails, and trifid feet with three raised tongues; rounded back posts; "W 259" stamped on brass plaque on proper left rear leg.

Date

1770-1790


Geography


Material/Technique

Walnut (primary), red cedar (glue blocks), yellow pine (slip seat)


Dimensions

Overall (H x W x D): 38 1/4 in. x 21 3/4 in. x 20 in. (97.16 cm x 55.25 cm x 50.8 cm)


Credit Line

Gift of Colonel Frank M. Etting, 1887


Marks

Two chisel marks on front seat rail rabbet: "II".

On the front rail of the slip-seat frame, incised initials "MC" above three chisel marks "III".


Object Number

W-259


Colors (Beta)


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