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In 1790, Scottish émigré cabinetmaker Thomas Affleck was commissioned to craft the seating furniture for the new Congress Hall in Philadelphia. The armchairs Affleck produced embraced the neoclassical aesthetic, which emphasized graceful restraint and classical lines. They were uniform with the exception of the upholstery - black leather for the House and "red Morocco" leather for the Senate. During conservation of this chair, a small fragment of the original black leather was found on the seat frame, indicating that it was used in the House.


Mahogany armchair upholstered in black leather with square back; the back, seat, and arms are upholstered over-the-rail in black leather and outlined with a single line of decorative brass tacks; trapezoidal seat frame with corner braces; S-curve arm posts with channel molding, square, tapering front legs with channel molding, and raked-back back posts.


c. 1790-1793




Mahogany (primary), red oak (secondary)


Overall: 36 1/2 in. x 24 1/4 in. x 22 3/4 in. (92.71 cm x 61.6 cm x 57.79 cm)

Credit Line

Gift of Dr. and Mrs. Joseph E. Fields, 1991


Written in graphite on rear seat rail and back frame: "8".

Written in chalk in rear seat rail: "T".

Object Number


Colors (Beta)

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