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Animal Species


Archaeologists discovered over 25,000 animal bones during the excavation of the House for Families.  The bones were identified by a zooarchaeologist, someone who studies animal bones for archaeologists.  Dr. Joanne Bowen of Colonial Williamsburg analyzed the bones for Mount Vernon and identified the following species represented in the cellar.  To read more about why these animal bones were found in the slave quarter excavation please visit the Faunal Remains page.

Aquatic species    
Common Name  Latin Name Phases Found
Blue Crab Callinectes sapidus I, II
Bony Fish Class Osteichthyes I, II, III
Sturgeon Acinpenser spp. I, II
Gar Lepisoste spp. I, II
Herring Family Clupeidae I, II, III
Alewife Alosa psuedoharengu I, II, III
American Shad Alosa sapidissima I, II, III
Atlantic Herring lupea harengus II
Sucker Family Catostomidea I, II, III
Redhorse Moxostima spp. I, II
Catfish Family Ictaluridae I, II, III
White Catfish Ictalurus catus I, II, III
Channel Catfish Ictalurus punctatus I, II
Channel Pickerel Esox Niger II, III
Yellow Perch Perca flavescens I, II, III
Sunfish Lepomis spp. I, II, III
Bluegill Lepomis macrochirus I, II, III
Redear Sunfish Lepomis microlophus I, II
White Crappie Pomoxis annularis I
Temperate Bass Morone spp. I, II, III
White Perch Morone americana I, II, III
Striped Bass Morone saxatilis I, II
White Bass Morone chrysops I, II
Black Sea Bass Centropristis ocyurus II
Amphibian Class Amphibia II
Toad or Frog Order Anura I
Bullfrog Rana catesbeiana I, II
Snapping Turtle Chelydra serpentina I, II
Slider or Cooter Pseudemys spp. I, II
Bird species
Common Name Latin Name Phases Found
Goose Goose spp. I, II
Goose Anser spp. I, II, III
Domestic Goose Anser anser II
Duck Duck spp. I, II, III
Dabbling Duck Anas spp. I, II, III
Domestic Duck or Mallard Anas platyrhynchos I, II
Gadwall Anas strepera I
American Widgeon Anas americana I
Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis II
Pochard Aythya spp. I, II
Canvasback Aythya valisineria I, II, III
Redhead Aythya americana I, II
Ring-Necked Duck Aythya collaris I
Greater Scaup Aythya marila I
Lesser Scaup Aythya affinis I
Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula I
Common Merganser Mergus merganser II
Coot Fulica americana II
Grouse, Partridge, or Pheasant Family Phasianidae I, II, III
Turkey Meleagris gallopavo I, II
Chicken Gallus gallus  I, II, III
Bobwhite Colinus virginianus I, II
Ruffed Grouse Bonasa umbellus I
Passenger Pigeon Ectopistes migratorius II
Rock Dove or Domestic Pigeon Columba livia II
Great Horned Owl Bubo virginianus II
Robin Turdus migratorius I
Mammal species
Common Name Latin Name Phases Found
Opossum Didelphis virginiana I, II
Shorttail Shrew Blarina brevicauda II
Cottontail Sylvilagus spp. I, II
Eastern Cottontail Sylvilagus floridanus II
Squirrel Family Sciudridae III
Squirrel Sciurus spp. II
Eastern Gray Squirrel Sciurus carolinensis I, II, III
Old World Rat Rattus spp. I, III
Roof Rat Rattus rattus I, II
House Mouse Mus musculus I, II
Raccoon Procyon lotor II, III
Domestic Cat Felis domesticus I, II
Domestic Pig Sus scrofa I, II, III
White-Tailed Deer Odocoileus virginianus I, II, III
Domestic Cow Bos taurus I, II, III
Domestic Cow, Horse, or Ass Bos taurus/Equus sp. II
Domestic Sheep Ovis aries II
Sheep, Goat, Deer, or Pig Order Artiodactyla I I, II
Sheep, Goat, or Deer Order Artiodactyla II I, II