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Planted at Mount Vernon


  • Upper Garden
  • Fruit Garden & Nursery
  • Lower Garden

  • Hardiness Zones

    Average annual extreme minimum temperature 1976-2005


    Artichokes have large silvery green leaves that make them a striking addition to the garden. Their flower buds are traditionally used for culinary purposes, but if allowed to open offer large, brilliant purple flowers.

    Purchase

    Seeds avaiablle to purchase from Mount Vernon

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    Latin Name

    Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus


    Family

    Asteraceae


    Type of Plant

    Vegetables
    Perennials

    Bloom Season

    June - November


    Seasons

    Summer
    Spring

    Specifications

    Max Height: 5'
    Max Spread: 3'

    Uses

  • Flower Border
  • Vegetable
  • Ornamental
  • Edible

  • Sunlight Exposure

    Full Sun

    Colors


    Native Range

    Chile, Ecuador, United States


    History

    In September of 1794, Washington wrote to William Pearce to request artichoke seeds for Martha, and was growing them in the lower garden.


    Other Details

    Pollinator
    Grown by Washington
    Sold at Mount Vernon

    Bartlett Tree Expert Company has been working with Mount Vernon Estate since 2011 providing expert arboricultural care and GPS mapping for the estate’s historic trees, as well as support from their research facility.   Mount Vernon is proud to partner with Bartlett Tree Experts and appreciates their sponsorship of George Washington’s Mount Vernon Plant Finder App.

    Bring Washington's Garden Home

    Purchase our historic seeds, collected from plants grown at Mount Vernon and plant them in your own garden.

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