By John A. Nagy. ISBN 978-1-59416-133-9. Copyright 2011. Hardcover with 273 pages including notes, bibliography, and indices.
The Pennsylvania spy story begins as the French and Indian War ends and continues through the entire American Revolutionary War. Although the French had lost most of their territory in North America by 1763, they did not give up the idea of reclaiming that territory and more during the next war with their traditional rival, England. It did not take the French long to send spies to America to determine the attitudes of the people, the military situation, and the possibilities that could be turned in their favor. One of the key places for French spying activity was the colony of Pennsylvania since its frontier had been an important crossroads of French influence in North America.
Some spies were motivated by loyalty to their side while others were in it simply for the money. Some people played both sides to ensure they would be with the winner. Since Philadelphia was the largest city in North America, was occupied by the British during the war, and was home to the Continental Congress for long stretches, much of the espionage activity in Pennsylvania was centered in that great city. Benedict Arnold, Major John Andre, Lydia Darragh and George Washington are all part of the espionage story.