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Apple Pie

Makes one 9- or 10-inch double crust pie

Use your favorite recipe to make the pie crust


  • Juice and zest of 1 lemon
  • 5 to 7 tart apples, such as Newtown (Albemarle) Pippin or Granny Smith, peeled, cored, and cut into 1/2 -inch thick slices; peels and cores reserved
  • About 3 cups water
  • 1/2 teaspoon ground mace
  • 1 2/3 cups sugar, divided
  • 6 cloves
  • 4 tablespoons unsalted butter, chilled and diced into small pieces
  1. Preheat the oven to 400 °F.
  2. On a lightly floured surface, roll the pie crust dough into a circle about 1/4-inch thick, and place in a lightly greased pie pan, gently pressing it into the pan. Set aside in the refrigerator.
  3. Combine the lemon juice with about 3 cups of water in a large bowl, and add the apple slices to prevent them from darkening. Cover and set aside.
  4. Cover the reserved apple peels and cores with water, add the mace, and bring to a boil. Reduce the heat, cover, and simmer for 10 to 15 minutes. Strain and reserve the liquid. Discard the peels and cores, and return the liquid to the heat. Add 1 cup of the sugar and bring to a boil, stirring until the sugar is dissolved. Boil uncovered for about 15 minutes, or until the liquid is reduced by half. Remove from the heat, and set aside to cool.
  5. Thoroughly drain the apples from the acidulated water. Put one layer of the apples in the prepared pie shell. Dot with cloves, and sprinkle with 1/3 cup of the sugar. Add another layer of densely-packed apples, piling them high. Sprinkle with the remaining 1/3 cup of sugar. Carefully pour 2 cups of the reserved apple liquid over and around the apples.
  6. Put on the top crust, tucking it in and around the edges of the bottom crust, folding the bottom edges up over the top piece of dough and then pinching together to seal. Cut several slits in the top crust, and dot with butter.
  7. Bake for 40 to 45 minutes, or until the crust is golden brown and the juices are thick and bubbly. Remove the pie to a wire rack, and cool thoroughly before slicing.

This recipe is a modern adaptation of the 18th-century original found in Martha Washington’s copy of Hannah Glasse’s The Art of Cookery, Made Plain and Easy. It was created by culinary historian Nancy Carter Crump for the book Dining with the Washingtons (2011). Both available for purchase online.