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From his headquarters in Fredericksburg, New York, George Washington sent this letter to Brigadier General Jack Bayley, who was about to undertake a bold expedition to Canada in November 1778. Due to a scarcity of supplies, Washington orders a delay of the Canadian expedition, but continued preparation for it. He explains that all available clothing and munitions need to be delivered to his troops for the difficult winter ahead. Washington also addresses the treatment of the Native American troops: "You may furnish them with provisions - and endeavor to preserve a good understanding, by civil treatment, and without running into unnecessary expence."



November 25, 1778



  • Written - United States


Ink, laid paper


Overall (first sheet): 13 in. x 8 1/4 in. (33.02 cm x 20.96 cm)
Other (second sheet): 13 in. x 8 1/4 in. (33.02 cm x 20.96 cm)


Gift of the Forbes Collection, 2002


Fourth page (verso when closed), lower left edge, perpendicular to letter's text, in brown ink: Genl: Washingtons / Letter and Instructions / to Genl: Bayley 25th: Nov / 1778 [year underlined]
Fourth page (verso when closed), bottom left corner, in brown ink: Brig / Genl Bayley
Fourth page (verso when closed), top left corner, perpendicular to letter's text, in faint gray ink: Jacob Bayley


Fourth page (verso when closed), top center, in brown ink: I am Sir/ Your most Hble Servt / Go Washington

Object Number



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