In this inventive version of the Declaration of Independence, a bust portrait of George Washington appears within Thomas Jefferson’s immortal words. The Great Seal of the United States—featuring a bald eagle—sits above the text, while 36 state seals—one for each state in 1865—appear to sprout from an encircling vine. The designer of this lithograph, William Henry Pratt, also created calligraphy portraits of George Washington within the Constitution and Abraham Lincoln within the Emancipation Proclamation. More


c. 1865



  • Printed - United States


Ink on paper, board; calligraphy, lithography


Overall: 25 3/4 in. x 21 1/2 in. x 1/8 in. (65.41 cm x 54.61 cm x 0.32 cm)


Purchased with funds provided by Richard Burrus, Albert Small, Ann West, and the Broyhill Family Foundation, 2012


On obverse, printed in black ink:
On the ribbon in the eagle's mouth: "E/ Pluribus / Unum."
Above the main text: "Declaration of Independence."
On the ribbon at lower left, in script lettering: "Designed and written / by W. H. Pratt / Davenport, Iowa."
On the ribbon at lower right, in script lettering: "Lith. and print. / by A. Hageboeck Davenport, Iowa."

Object Number



Mount Vernon's object research is ongoing and information about this object is subject to change. For information on image use and reproductions, click here.
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